Chapter 12 - Manifest Destiny

Manifest Destiny
Texas Independence
- Many Americans were given
land grants to live in Texas
- About 3,000 people were
Tejanos living in Texas.
- Texas wanted to declare themselves a free
nation, but both America and Mexico wanted
them for themselves.
- Captian Juan Seguin:
- He was born October 27, 1806
- He died August 27, 1890
- He was a Senator of the
Republic of Texas
- He was also a member of the
San Antonio City Council
The Mexican-American War
- The Americans who settled in Texas didn't
accept the Mexican lifestyle like they had
hoped.
- They wanted the Americans to
convert to Catholicism
- There were many battles, including The battle of
the Alamo, San Antonio, San Jacinto, and
Gonzales.
- The Americans won 10 out of the
11 battles.
- President James Polk wanted to annex New
Mexico and California from Mexico, but Mexico
refused.
- He sent an agent to offer 30 million
dollars to Mexico for the two
territories.
- The border between the United States and
Mexico was also a problem during that
time.
- The United States claimed that the Rio Grande was the
border, but the Mexican government claimed that it was
150 miles north of the Rio Grande near the Nueces
River.
California Gold Rush
- About 80,000 people went to
California to mine for gold and settled
there.
- There was a problem, however. The Californios (Mexican settlers
in California) would have their land taken from them when white
settlers would move to California. The two parties would go to
court.
- Many miners were unsuccessful
in their hunt for gold.
- Due to the fact that they didn't
have any law enforcement or
prisons,
- There were many robbers and rule
breakers in the many mining
towns.
- Some citizens became vigilantes, which are
people who take the law into their own
hands.
- How does this relate to today? Atlanta is a booming city just like
California. These cities are populated for many reasons, one being
they are the home of discoveries and inventions; Gold and Coca
Cola. With these items becoming popular they gave jobs to many
people.
Oregon Trail
- After the Panic of 1837, "Oregon Fever" swept
through the Mississippi Valley and many
decided to move to Oregon.
- Tens of thousands of emigrants traveled about 2,200 miles
through the Great Plains, along the Platte River, and through
parts of the Rocky Mountains.
- Improvements such as ferries, bridges,
and cutouts made the trail safer and
quicker.
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