Nuclear Proliferation Background

Nuclear Proliferation Background
Countries w/ nukes
NTP Countries
1. US
2623 active
9400 total
2. People's Republic of China
180 active
240 total
3. Russia
4718 actice
13000 total
4. France
300 active
300 total
5. UK
160 active
180 total
+ 6. North Korea
Withdrew JAN 2003 - still has nukes
Non NPT, has nuclear weps
India
Pakistan
North Korea
Accused of having Nuclear Technology
Iran
Syria
Myanmar
Possibly obtained some through N. Korea
Shared under NATO Policy
Most Come from US
Belgium
Germany
Italy
Netherlands
Turkey
Historically Possesing
South Africa
Canada
Greece
Israel
Will not publicly confirm or deny possession
Public Figure in charge of security Yitzhak Rabin
"won't be first to introduce nuclear weapons"
Typically sides with US of A on Nuclear issues
Treaty on the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons
Known as Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty
NNP
NNPT
Signitories
189
Obama encourages every country to sign it
Non-signitories
India
Pakistan
Israel
The Vatican City
'Three Pillars' basis of treaty
Nuclear Non-Proliferation
Recognizes five " nuclear states"
US of A
Signed 1968
Russia / Russian Federation
Signed 1968 as USSR
People's Republic Of China
Signed 1992
United Kingdom
Signed 1968
France
Signed 1992
Splits world into two Groups
NWS (Nuclear Weapon States)
Agree to
not transfer "nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices"
"not in any way to assist, encourage, or induce" a (NNWS) to acquire nuclear weapons
NNWS (Non-Nuclear Weapon States)
Agree to
not to "receive," "manufacture" or "acquire" nuclear weapons
"seek or receive any assistance in the manufacture of nuclear weapons"
Pass inspections by the International Atomic Energy Agency
Check to see if they are diverging into wep. dev.
Disarmament
"Each of the Parties to the Treaty undertakes to pursue negotiations in good faith on effective measures relating to cessation of the nuclear arms race at an early date and to nuclear disarmament, and on a treaty on general and complete disarmament."
Wants signitories to vaguely head in correct direction
Peaceful use of Nuclear Technology
Countries can pursue devel. of
countries already posessing don't have to cease
North Atlantic Treaty Organization Sharing Policy
US of A maintains control of nuclear weps. but stations elsewhere
Some claim it is a violation of NNPT
NATO says it isn't since US controls, owns, maintians them
Dual-Use Technology
refers to the possibility of military use of civilian nuclear power technology
The enriched Uranium used in nuc. reactors isn't concentrated enough
Most Reactors utilze uranium enriched to 4%
Little Boy bomb used 80% enriched
Could run nuc. weps. on less than 80% but the size would become unfeasible
11