Oral Feedback Written

Oral Feedback Written
Positive Feedback
Confirm the correctness of students' reponses
Negative Feedback
Let students know about their errors
Error Corrective Strategies
- Overt error correction
- Cross out the error and write the
correct form
- Error location and metalinguistic feedback
- Error correction code
- Selective error correction
- Mark a particular type error
Negative/Error Corrective Feedback
- Direct/explicit strategies
- Correct answer feedback
- Guided feedback
- Elicitation techniques
- Metalinguistic feedback
- Noticing strategies
- Teacher's request to repeat
(with corrective intent).
- Asking questions
- Pinpointing
- Pausing
- Indirect/implicit strategies
- Recasts
- Clarification requests
Positive Feedback
- Confirmation
- Confirm students' correct utterance
- Encouragement
- Acknowledge learner's
improvement/progress
- Praise
- Praise learner's performance
- Teacher's request to repeat
- Ask student to repeat what they said
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