Mind Map Gallery Post-war Problems after Japanese Occupation
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Postwar Problems after Japanese Occupation
Discontentment with the British
Workers were unhappy with their low wagesand poor working conditions
workers joined trade unions whichorganized strikes to get employers to agreeto their demands
more than 300 strikes involving 70000workers held in 1947 alone, British had tocall up troops to maintain law and order
Chinese middle school students felt theywere treated unfairly by the British colonialgovernment
British colonial government gave littlesupport to the students and they hadlimited oppportunity to pursue education inSingapore. Those returning from Chinawere banned to come to Singapore to stopthe spread of communist ideas
British introduced National Service 1954 formales aged 1820 and many Chinesemiddle school students were upset as theirstudies would be further disrupted
they were not willing to defend the colonialgovernment, loyalty was not to the British
13 May 1954 around 500 students heldpaceful demonstration against NS butBritish government ended thedemonstration which resulted in a clashbetween students and the police.
Student demonstrations continued andstudents locked themselves up in ChungCheng High school as part of their protest.
Maria Hertogh riots 1950
some Muslims were angry with theSupreme Court&#39;s ruling and felt that theBritish was unfair and had taken the side ofthe Dutch
led to riots where Europeans and Eurasianswere attacked. Riots continued for 3 days,curfew lasted for two weeks and 18 peoplewere killed while 173 others injured.
Demands for citizenship
Chinese Chamber of Commerce started apetition in 1951 for the British colonialgovernment to grant citizenship toChinaborn Chinese immigrants over theage of 21
The Chinaborn Chinese felt that theyshould also be treated and given the sameprivileges as the localborn Chinese as theyhave already made their homes inSingapore
they do not want to be regarded as aliensand want the same voting privileges andnaturalisation papers to be certified as acitizen.
Demands for better treatment of local civilservants
After 1948, the colonial governmentrecruited more locals into the civil servicebut the British officials continued to enjoybetter pay and hold senior positions eventhough the locals were equallywellqualified.
Local civil servants opposed the Britishcolonial government&#39;s unequal treatmentof the locals and demanded that thegovernment raise their pay.
Demands for local political involvement
there was a change in mindset andincreased political consciousness andawareness among the people in Singaporeafter the Japanese Occupation.
political groups emerged, such as theMalayan Democratic Union (MDU), formedin 1945 comprising of mainly localborn,Englisheducated Chinese, Indians andEurasians. Members of the MDU oftendiscussed how they wanted to begoverned.
insufficient food due to disruption of trade
black market thrived, food continued to besold at high prices
Job shortage / Unemployment
jobs were limited due to lack of trade andbusinesses
houses were scarce
living conditions were cramped andovercrowded
rents were high due to shortage ofhousing
many children did not attend school duringJapanese Occupation
wanted to continue with education afterBritish returned
but there were insufficient schools,teachers, textbooks to meet demands foreducation
Trade and businesses affected
trade was disrupted during the war
businesses needed time to recover
some students chose not to return toschool and entered the workforce but jobswere limited for them