Importance of Louis XIV's Reign

Importance of Louis XIV's Reign
Absolutism
Louis had a goal to centralize and rein in
control of France.
Accomplished that by improving the
unorganized system of France's taxes.
He approached foreign policies, first by
invading Spanish Netherlands.
Set up the Palace of Versailles, where all French
nobles move there to task on various positions in
his administration.
Successful in war, throughout his reign he had
fought wars with most European countries.
He identified himself immediately with the
governing of the nation.
His notable statement, " I am the state." was
the ultimate declaration of absolutism.
Finance
Although Louis XIV earned his throne
at age 4, Cardinal Mazarin was his
financial advisor.
Louis XIV took personal control over
the government while relying on
Jean Colbert on financial issues.
A deflect struck due to trading problems with
gold and silver with the Dutch Republic.
Correcting and organizing the tax system
fixed the issues.
The amount of taxes was raised,
which caused France's debt to drop
by over 50 million livres.
Without the help of the two stated
financial advisers, Louis XIV would not
have been as successful
Wars
War of the Grand Alliance 16891697
It was predicted that France was going to
be the new occupant of the Spanish
throne.
The Habsburgs fought over it.
The Roman emperor, Leopold I, knew what
Louis was up to.
Austria's Leopolds formed the Grand
Alliance (England, Spain, and the
Netherlands).
Louis XIV overtook the Grand Alliance
During the end of the war, Louis XIV
considered a peace treaty, but, that failed and
was pointless. In 1701, A real and decisive war
began over the Spanish succession.
War of Spanish Succession
After the death of Spain's ruler (Charles II),
the Austrians prepare for war with France
Each is fighting on behalf of a grandson or
son who is not next in line of succession to
the French or Austrian throne.
Each side is trying to take control of the
territories of Spain
The following years of war are not that severe
and peace negotiations are discussed between
the two forces.
After the death of Louis XIV, Charles VI
is placed on the Spanish Throne. He
agrees to a treaty with other European
powers in 1714.
Arts
Chose arts over politics, which can be seen
through France's gardens and noble palace
buildings.
Versailles offered an artistic nature.
Louis took pride over decorating and styling
his country.
Created an image for France during his reign
that spoke of royalty, wealth, and luxury.
Louis was a huge patron towards the arts.
He had a motive of immortalizing himself in
paintings in order for future generations would
remember him.
Hall of Mirrors which is constructed in the
Palace of Versailles, is one of the most
iconic places in Versailles.
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