Lord of the Flies- Rules and Laws

Lord of the Flies
Chapter 7-8
“…Jack went on blowing until the shelters were astir and the hunters crept to the
platform and the littluns whimpered as now they so frequently did.”… “‘This
meeting— [said Ralph]’ Jack interrupted him. ‘I called it.’” … “‘I’ve called an
assembly,’ said Jack,” (Golding 125). Tara
This quote shows that, once again, Jack has no regard for the rules and openly
disrespects the conch. In the first few chapters, it explains that Ralph is the only one
allowed to call meetings and he is the only one allowed to interrupt the other boys,
and here, Jack violates both of those rules without second thought. Tara
”Anyone who wants to hunt when I do can
come too.” (Golding 127)
Here Jack is trying to make it seem like life under his leadership will be one without
rules or any form of order. He thinks that the boys will be tempted to come because
they want to hunt and be free of social standards. At this point, he is unsuccessful
but soon, he the boys will want to become savage.
Jack starts out being very unsuccessful in making the boys become
savages, but eventually his methods pay off and they end up dancing
around with their faces painted, something that they would have never
done before.
”He’s like Piggy. He says things like
Piggy. He isn’t a proper chief.”
(Golding 126)
Jack is questioning Ralph’s power as chief. Jack even calls Ralph a
coward later on. Ralph defends himself and yet another power struggle
occurs. Jack is trying to convince the boys that Ralph isn’t a very good
Within this quote, Jack not only insults Ralph, but he also references that
he feels Piggy isn’t good for much either, so in a sense, Jack is ”killing two
birds with one stone” by discrediting his two main enemies at the same
time. Tara
Jack’s version of a ”proper chief” is only himself and someone who will hunt and be
savage. Piggy and Ralph who make rules and keep order have made them
unpopular to Jack and the hunters because they don’t like to be controlled. The
rules helped the boys’ society at the beginning, but now they are tearing it apart.
Chapter 5-6
”Now I say this and make it a rule because I am chief: We won’t
have a fire anywhere but on the mountain. Ever” (Golding
This quote is towards the beginning of the book. Ralph is trying to establish
rules with the boys to keep civilization. He establishes that he is chief because
the boys voted for him as chief. But eventually the rules are broken due to
Creation of rules
This is one of the moments when Ralph uses his power as chief to help the boys.
He, before, was timid when it came to making rules and honestly lacked in
confidence. He then realizes that he only reason they are where they are is
because of him and he needs to step up and take charge.
“You’ve got the be tough now. Make ‘em do what you want.”
Ralph answered in the cautious voice of someone rehearsing a
“If I blow the conch and they don’t come back, then we’ve had it.
We shan’t keep the fire going. We’ll be like animals. We’ll never
be rescued (Golding 92).
At this point in the book, Ralph is realizing how far the boys have fallen from civilization. He knows that to
try and break them away from the thrill of the dance and Jack’s leadership would be disastrous and
pointless. Once they have broken the rules for the first time, it will be easier for them to continue to ignore
them. He is hoping that in the morning, they will be reasonable again and he can talk to them about
It shows that once you do one bad thing it is a lot
easier to do another bad thing and it continues to
In this quote, we see that Piggy understands the concept that you must be a leader with a rigid manner in
order to get people to do what you want, while Ralph still tries to lead the boys calmly and rationally. I feel
that the best way to lead is a combination of the two, or as Theodore Roosevelt said, ”speak softly and
carry a big stick”, which means to be nice, but also be stern with your thoughts when it is important and
let your thoughts be heard. Tara
” ’The rules!’ shouted Ralph. ’You’re
breaking the rules!’
’Who cares?’
Ralph summoned his wits. ’Because the
rules are the only thing we’ve got!’
But Jack was shouting against him.
’Bollocks to the rules! We’re strongwe hunt! If
there’s a beast, we’ll hunt it down!’ ” (Golding 91).
In this quote, we see how Ralph values the rules, while Jack has no regard for them. We
also see their clashing personalities. Ralph wants everything to be done in and orderly
fashion and be done fairly, while all Jack wants is to be in power, and the only one in
power, hunt all day, and have no rules, with the exception of the rule that he is in charge.
Jack the savage and Ralph the civilized
As the civilization fleas the island, the boys realize that without the rules they
have nothing. It shows that the need for at least some kind of government is
stronger than ever. Without s social structure they all will turn into savages and
all order will be lost.
Jack is no longer civilized and decides to be a hunter. Ralph
desperately tries to keep the rules and civilization. Many of
the boys follow Jack and abandon civilization.
At this point there seems to be a power battle between Ralph and Jack. They are
arguing about the rules as well as the Beast. Ralph wants everyone to obey the rules but
Jack isn’t obeying the rules. Jack only wants to hunt. Ralph’s view of the rules is that they
are to be obeyed. Jack views the rules as to be obeyed at some point in time but not
Breaking the rules
Chapter 11-12
“Well, we won’t be painted,” Ralph said,
“because we aren’t savages.”
Samneric looked at each other.
“All the same”
Ralph shouted.
“No paint!” (Golding 172/3)
Ralph is trying to keep the boys from going “near” the moral idea of savagery. He’s afraid
that without rules against it, they will all fall at some point. Rules have become the most
powerful thing that Ralph controls and he views them as protection against the beast
and savagery. He thinks that if he makes rules, then they will be safe from Jack’s
Ralph wants the boys to look like proper little British boys when they approach Jack
in order to prove a point that democracy and order overpower savagery.
Basically, Ralph is trying to frown upon savage behavior so the few still in his group
won’t join Jack’s tribe. Tara
“‘Which is better—to be a pack of Indians like you are, or to be sensible like
Ralph is?’ ‘Which is better—to have rules and agree, or to hunt and kill?’ ‘Which
is better, law and rescue, or hunting and breaking things up?’” (Golding 180).
This quote signifies Piggy’s dedication to Ralph, the rules, and civilization has no end. I think it is interesting that Goulding
chose Piggy’s last words of his life to be fighting for order and law. Also, we see here how Ralph values and sticks up for Piggy. I
think he does this partially because Piggy is on his side, fighting for rules, laws, Piggy’s glasses, and the fire, but also, I think that
Ralph finally is willing to show his appreciation for Piggy, even though it might make him look “uncool”. This is special
because this happens in the last minutes of Piggy’s life, so it kind of creates a sense that Piggy died knowing there is a special
spot in Ralph’s heart for him. Tara
Piggy is fighting for what he believes. Even though Piggy still believes in the rules, nobody else does.
This makes the rules powerless. To run a government without its people obeying their rules is pointless.
This quote shows that the same would happen in reality. This quote also shows that natural leaders can
come in all shapes and sizes. The boys picked Ralph due to his looks. But Piggy should have been the
rightful leader. It is simply human nature to pick leaders by looks instead of their character or
”I say! You voted for me as chief. Didn’t you hear the conch?
You played a dirty trickwe’d have given you fire if you asked”
(Golding 176).
The rules that were once established are now fading. This has caused many of
the boys to go off and be hunters instead of listening to Ralph and following the
rules. The boys are out of control and Ralph no longer has control over them, not
even the conch
The conch has lost all its power and is destroyed along with the lasting remnants of
civilization on the island. With Jack being the new chief, no one hardly even
remembers the fact that Ralph was voted as the leader after the crash. Ralph no
longer has the power to control anyone at all and Jack is truly the new ”leader.”
The conch shell
At this point, Jack has thrown away all moral and societal rules.
Ralph is starting to realize how influential rules are in having an
easy existence and the consequences of a ”free” society.
”I got the conch. I’m going to that Jack
Merridew an’ tell him, I am.”[Piggy]
(Golding 171)
Piggy still believes in the rules and goes to demand his glasses back. Jack has gone off with his savages
and started their own fort as well as their own rules. Piggy still wants Ralph to be the chief but Ralph as no
power at this point. This shows that Piggy still has faith in Ralph as a leader instead of Jack because Jack
acts like a savage and only hunts. Ralph focuses on the long term goal which is to be rescued. The rules
have no power after people stop obeying them.
Chapter 9-10
“Ralph, cradling the conch, rocked himself to and fro. ‘Don’t
you understand Piggy? The things we did—’” (Golding 156).
Ralph still continues to use the conch even though almost everyone else has already forgotten about it. I
think the significance of this quote is that it could be interpreted as an example of juxtaposition. Ralph is
holding on to the conch, a symbol of rules and civilization, like a child would clench his or her favorite
stuffed animal, while trying to explain to Piggy how savage the boys have acted and how practically
everyone has disregarded the rules of the island and become primitive. Tara
“At last he looked down at the beach. The fire on the platform
appeared to be out or at least making no smoke.” (Golding
When this is happening, Piggy and Ralph are playing in the
water. They have forgotten about the rule to keep the fire going
and all of the other boys have deserted to go with Jack.
”Call an assembly...You’re still chief...I
got the conch.”
(Golding 156)
Piggy still believes in Ralph as chief even though
the majority joined Jack. Piggy believes in
”You’re still chief.” Jack laughed again.
” You are over us” (Golding 156).
Even though Piggy still has respect for Ralph as the leader, Ralph
realizes that no one else does as that all control he once had on the
island is gone. He really isn’t chief anymore and Jack is more the
Jack is starting to control whereas Piggy
still has hope in Ralph.
Chapter 3-4
”Here, invisible yet strong, was the taboo of the old life.
round the squatting child was the protection of the parents
and the school and policmen and the law” (Golding 62).
protection from law
This quote is saying that even though the boys are stranded on an island, the rules that
they grew up with are still present. Furthermore, the author is trying to tell us that no
matter what bad actions our brains tell us to commit, somewhere in the back of our
minds, there is always a little voice that reminds us the difference between right and
wrong. Tara
Our conscious is what keeps us civil, and can keep us from turning into savages
The boys eventually lost their conscious as the were stranded for longer and
longer. They forget about what it means to be civilized and turned in to animals
rather than boys.
”I was chief, and you were going to do
what I said,”[said Ralph]
(Golding 70).
Ralph is starting to be overthrown by the group of boys. At this point
the rules are also being disobeyed and ignored. The boys are not
willing to follow the rules. Jack only wants to hunt and becomes more
of a savage.
Ralph expected to get immediate respect when he
became the Chief and it wasn’t exactly what he was
”Aren’t I having none?” Jack had meant to leave in doubt, as an
assertion of power; but Piggy by advertising his omission made more
cruelty necessary. ”You didn’t hunt.” ”No more did Ralph” (Golding
After Jack finally caught meat for the boys, he shared with everyone accept
Piggy. His reasoning was that he didn’t hunt, but Ralph didn’t either. It seemed
as if he was kissing up to Ralph in order to get on his good side and then being
mean to Piggy for no reason. It was almost his way of slowly making it to the top.
In this quote, it almost seems like Jack maybe trying to ”kill
Ralph with kindness” so that he can gain Ralph’s trust and then
stab him in the back in order to take over the island. Tara
Chapter 1-2
”We got most names,” said Piggy. ”Got
’em just now.”
”Kid’s name,” said Merridew. ”Why
should I be Jack? I’m Merridew” (Golding
This shows the stereotypical view of parental control over kids, where
parents are the enemies and treat kids unfairly without reason. This prompts
the boys to reject all ideas from parents as soon as an adult figure is not
”Let’s have a vote.”
”Vote for a chief”
(Golding 22)!
The first form of order is made as all the survivors gather for the first meeting called
by the conch. They know that in order to survive a leader must be chosen. Ralph is
declared leader even if he is not the most leading of the group. He was chosen more
because of his appearance than his actual leading ability.
This picture shows a person voting in a democratic
manner, much like the boys voted to have Ralph be their
leader. Tara
The boys are realizing that they are free from the control of parents and
adults. They are starting to create their own society and rules. For the
moment, they are following the structure of their original home, with
democracy and voting.
Many of the boys at first were happy that there was no one that could
tell them what to do on the island since there were no adults. It ended
up being a bad thing though because things were never under
”There was a stillness about Ralph as he sat that marked him
out: there was his size, and attractive appearance; and most
obscurely, yet most powerfully, there was the conch.”
(Golding 22)
Ralph is seen as a ”natural” leader and he has the conch in which a ”natural” leader is an older boy who is
fit unlike Piggy. The fact that Ralph blew the conch also helps his point at being a natural leader.The
group relies on looks for their leader. Golding is saying that people judge leaders or other people in
general on looks. The conch symbolizes civilization and rules and laws. The group is deciding if Ralph or
Jack should be leader.