Physical Characteristics of High School Students

Physical-Characteristics-of-High-School-Students
Moral
Students Develop morals and values based on experiences and those around them.
Characteristics
Self Control
Compliance with external standards
Selfesteem
Empathy
Conscience
Altruism
Moral reasoning
Sports & Morality
Ethical Domains
Coach Aggression
Player Aggression
Cheating
Disrespect
Rule Bending
Intellectual/Cognitive
Formal thought
More likely to grasp relationships
Mentally plan a course of
action before proceeding
Systematically test hypotheses
Problem solving
Respond to media messages but develop increasing ability to analyze those messages
Political thinking
Becomes more abstract
Freedom of Speech
Equal justice under law
Concept of Community
Decline in authoritarian views
Increase in ability to imagine
consequences of current actions
Increase in Political Knowledge
Attain cognitive maturity—the ability to make decisions based on knowledge of options and their consequences
Build skills to become selfsufficient
Seek increased power over their own lives
Learn to drive, increasing their independence
Psychosocial
Identity is established by social interaction
Students focus on the importance of peer relationships.
Show an increase in individual, intimate relationships
Develop increasingly mature relationships with friends and family
Continue to be influenced by peers [The power of peer pressure lessens after early adolescence.]
Social
Peers
Boys
Stress skills and interests in friendships
Competitiveness works against forming close relationships with male companions
Girls
Seek Intimacy
Experience greater anxiety about friendships than boys
Influence shortterm decisions
Hairstyle
Speech Patterns
Friendships
Academic Performence
Leisure Activities
Dress
Relationships
Have the capacity to learn about intimate, loving, longterm relationships
Recognize the components of healthy and unhealthy relationships
Employement
Enhances:
Selfdiscipline
A sense of responsibility
Selfconfidence
Attitudes towards work
Less time for:
Homework
Extracurricular activities
Friendship development
May lead to:
Increased stress
Lower grades
Lower career aspirations
Family (long term influence)
Values
Ethics
Future Plans
Parents and other adults influence students' longrange plans; peers influence the immediate.
Physical
Height
Boys
Some may continue to grow even after graduation
Girls
Most reach ultimate height
Weight
Students will vary in weigh just as much as they do in height
Changing Bodies (Puberty)
Glandular Problems
Acne
Arousal of sex drive
Sexual Activity
Factors related to initiation of sexual
activity vary by gender and race
White males and females
Low educational goals
Below average grades
African American
Females
Spending less time with one's mother
Lack of involvement in church activities
African American
males
Low grace point average
Oneparent family
Limited contact with father
Lack of participation in family decision making
Sexual Development
Understand that they are sexual and understand the
options and consequences of sexual expression
Choose to express their sexuality in ways that
may or may not include sexual intercourse
Have an understanding of their own sexual orientation
Understand pregnancy
Understand HIV and other sexually transmitted infections
and the possible consequences of sexual intercourse
Ability to make reasoned choices about sex based on knowledge
Maturation
Physical Activity
17% are meeting the goal of 60
minutes a day
Most students reach physical maturity, and virtually all attain puberty. Tremendous variation exists in height and weight and in rat of maturation
Emotional
Maturation
Concern for Appearence
Understand their own feelings and have the ability to analyze why they feel a certain way
Psychiatric Disorders
Anorexia Nervos
Bulimia Nervosa
Substance Abuse
Tobacco
Alcohol
Cocaine
Marijuana
Depression
Most common emotional disorder
Take the time!
Ask students you suspect are depress
Seek school counselor's advice
Be aware of recent prevention efforts
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