The History of Industry 4.0

The History of Industry 4.0
Fourth Industrial Revolution (Now)
History
its genesis is situated at the dawn of the
third millennium with the emergence of the
internet
this is the first industrial revolution rooted
in a new technological phenomenon -
digitalization
this digitalization enable us to build a new
virtual world which we can steer the
physical world
Focus
factories 4.0-to connect all production
mean to enable their interaction in real
time
technology involved:
i) Cloud
ii) Big Data Analytics
iii) Industrial Internet of Things (IoT)
iv) Cyber Physical System (CPS)
Types of industries
1. Smart Manufacturing
2. Industrie 4.0
Second Industrial Revolution (1870)
History
a century later at the end of 19th century
steel industry began to develop and grow
invention of telegraph and telephone
emergence of automobile and plane at the
beginning of 20th century
centralizing research and capital structure
around economic and industrial model
based on new “large factories”
Focus
new sources of energies:
1. electricity
2. oil
3. gas
development of combustion engine set
out to use of these new resources
chemical synthetic also developed, like:
1. synthetic fabric
2. dyes
3. fertilizer
Types of industries
1. steel industry
2. automobile and plane industry
Third Industrial Revolution (1969)
History
nearly a century later, a 3rd industrial
revolution appeared
witness the rise of electronic and also the
telecommunication and computers
this revolution give rise the era of
high-level automation in production
Focus
surpassed its predecessors : nuclear
energy
factories use programmable logic
controllers(PLCs)
-the use of robots and computers
Types of industries
1. computer and automation industry
2. nuclear energy industry
3. electronic industry
First Industrial Revolution (1765)
History
slow period of
proto-industrialization
spans from the end of
the 18th century to the
beginning of the 19th
century
witness the emergence
of mechanization process
that replace agriculture
with industry of the
foundation of the
economic structure of
society
Focus
mass extraction of coal and invention of
steam engine(Thomas Newcomen) creates
new type of energy that thrust forward all
process
use of water power and steam power
development of railroads and
acceleration of economic
forging and new know-how in
metal-shaping, drew up blueprints for first
factories and cities
Types of industries
1. iron industry
2. coal industry
3. textile industry
4. steam industry
14