Particular techniques include oxymoron, metaphor, and irony. Parody to imitate the techniques and/or style of some person, place, or thing in order to ridicule the original.
Similar Mind Maps
understatement: representing something smaller, worse, or less important
"Candide wondered why it was that the ace never came to him; but Martin was not at all astonished." (pg.57)
It actually means that Martin was extremely surprised by how the ace never came to him, but Voltaire tries to emphasis this by an understatement. Voltaire satirizes the greed of people and how they trick other people for their benefit.
"Everything is right, mat be, but I declare it is very hardto have lost Miss Cunegonde and to be put upon a spitby Oreillons." (pg.38)
This is another example of an understatement where it shows the Candide's great despair. Candide says that everything is right, and it's just hard to believe. However, he actually has no hope, and is extremely depressed.
hyperbole: exaggeration (representing something bigger, greater, or more important)
"The Baron's lady weighedabout three hundred and fiftypounds..." (pg.1)
This is an example of a hyperbole because of the exaggerated weight. It's representing the Baron's lady's fat, big body with a larger weight than what she really is. She would not really weigh three hundred and fifty pounds.
"...was therefore a person of greatconsideration" (pg.1)
This is also an hyperbole of the Baron's lady because Voltaire isactually telling us the Baron's lady's lack of thoughts but he isexaggerating it to having great consideration.
allusion: making reference to an outside topic such as work of art, a place, an event to
"I find that I shall be the only happy man whenI am blessed with the sight of my dearCunegonde." (pg.73)
This is an allusion because the readers are drawn back toVoltaire's ideas which satirizes optimism, and we make aconnection between the two. Voltaire is once again tryingto mock the idea of optimism by showing us the endlessavarice of Count Pococurante.
"Whirlwinds of fire and shes covered the streets andpublic places; houses fell, roofs were flung upon thepavements, and the pavements were scattered."(pg.10)
This is an allusion because it is a referencemade to the real earthquake o Lisbon whichhappened on the first of November, 1755. Voltaire is satirizing optimism because heis mocking the idea of the world being thebest of all possible worlds.
oxymoron: combining two opposite words
"heroic butchery" (pg.5)
It is an oxymoron because these two terms have opposite meanings fromeach other. Heroic is to be brave and admired by other people. However,butchery is to kill a large number of people which will lead to othersdespising him/her.
"some pleasure in having no pleasure." (pg.73)
It is an example of an oxymoron because of the two opposite meanings inthis phrase. Having some pleasure is to feel happy and to have satisfaction. On the other hand, having no pleasure is a feeling of annoyance.
irony: expressing the word with an opposite meaning
"The tender, loving Candide, seeing his beautiful Cunegondeembrowned, with bloodshot eyes, withered neck, wrinkledcheeks, and rough, red arms...She embraced Candide and herbrother...and Candide ransomed them both." (pg.82)
This is an irony because Candide explains how Cunegonde becameuglier, but he still decides to save her, and marry her. Using this irony, I think Voltaire is trying to satirize the blindness of love, and how it makes a person into a fool.
"Master Pangloss, the greatest philosopher ofthe whole province, and consequently of thewhole world." (pg.2)
Voltaire is trying to satirize Pangloss's actions of pretending to look smart. Pangloss talks as if he knows he knows everything about the world, but it seems like hisphilosophies are only complicated without much depth.
parody: imitating or mimicking the style of a certain text, picture, song in a humorous way
"It is demonstrable that things cannot be otherwise than as they are; for allbeing created for an end, all is necessary for the best end." (pg.1)
Pangloss was a person with great optimism, and he believed that the this world was the best of all possible worlds. And Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz was a philosopher who is still remembered for his optimism. Voltaire had parodied his ideas of optimism into Pangloss's thoughts, and made Candide mock his ideas.
"But is there not a pleasure in criticizingeverything, in pointing out faults where otherssee nothing but beauties?" (pg. 73)
Candide explains his thoughts about criticizing, and how fun it is. Candide parodiesBildungsroman's criticisms of romance and adventure. Voltaire satires the idea of love,adventure with a parody to Bildungsroman.