Scientific Evolution

Scientific Evolution
Art & Society
- Colbert Presenting the Members of Royal
Academy of Sciences to Louis XIV
- 1667
- By Henri Testelin
- Women
- Margaret Cavendish
- Dutchess of Newcastle
- Accepted that women had softer and
smaller brains than men
- Women banned from Royal Society until
1945
Important People
- Nicholas Copernicus (1473 - 1543)
- Challenges Aristotle on Geocentric Theory
- Heliocentric Theory
- Sun was the center of the universe
- Galen (129 - c. 210)
- Used apes for expirement
- Four Humors
- Blood
- Plegm
- Yellow bile
- Black bile
- Andreas Vesalius (1514 - 1564)
- Founder of modern biological science
- Discovered the 4 chambers of the heart
- William Harvey (1578 - 1657)
- Blood Circulation
- Johannes Kepler (1571 - 1630)
- HRE, Rudolph III
- Three laws of planetary motion
- Galileo Galilei (1564 - 1642)
- Telescope
- Theory of Inertia
- Condemned by Inquisition
- Rene Descartes (1595 - 1656)
"I think therefore I am"
- Cartesianism
- Mind and Matter
- God as clockmaker
Science & Religion
- Protestant
- Civil Law
- Catholic
- Cannon law
- Index of Forbidden books
- Inquisition
Geographic Locations
- England
- (1640 - 1660)
- Royal Society of London for Improving
Natural Knowledge
- Royal Observatory
- Philosophical Transactions of the Royal
Society
- University of Cambridge
- France
- (1666) French Royal Academy of Science
- Jean-Baptise Colvert
- Financed experiments to benefit French
economy
- Italy
- University of Padua
- Venice
- Copernicus and Galileo taught here
Ancient and Medieval Science
- Aristotle (384 - 322 B.C)
- Greek Philosopher
- Believed that Earth was at the center of the
Universe
- Geocentric Theory
- Clausius Ptolemy (c. 85 - 165 A.D.)
- Greek Astronomer
- Almagest, quadrant, spherical orbits, 80
spheres
- Dante (1265 - 1325)
- Medieval Thinker
- Reflected beliefs of Aristotle and Ptolemy
- 10 spheres around the Earth
- Hell was the center
Important Dates
- (1550 - 1700)
- Nicholas Copernicus publishes Concerning
the Revolutions of Celestial Spheres (1543)
- Brahe publishes Nova (1572)
- Newton publishes Principia (1687)
- Descartes publishes Discourse on Method
(1636)
- Galileo condemned by the Catholic Church
and put on house arrest (1633)
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