Vietnam And Australia

Map of Vietnam And Australia
Migrants
People of Vietnem, Laos and
Combodia had lived through
many years of war
Due to war indoChinese
people needed a country to
stay in
The Fall of Saigon
operation known as 'Baby Lift'
Taking orphans from country to
America or Australia to live with
families
The Boat People
attempts were made to evacuate
as many people as possible out of
the country from Australians and
Americans
many were left behind
Needed a new way to
escape the communist
country
Flimsy crowded boats gave
them the answer they were
looking for
Problems
Months to arrive at destination
Pirates
Unseaworthy vessels, many
capsized and were never heard from
again
Most of the boats went to
Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand and
Hong Kong
Over 50 boats managed to make it all
the way to Australia and 2000 people
every month made it to claim asylum
Refugee Camps
overcrowded, unsanitary and unable to
deal with the evergrowing numbers of
people arriving
governments argued over
how to deal with the
situation
The Orderly Departure Program
Australia's relations with Asia
Illusion that Australia was
part of Europe and not the
Pacific
Whitlam said that
Australian foreign policy
would be Australian and
not dependent on Britain
or America
Gough Whitlam opened up a diplomatic
relationship with The People's Republic
of China in 1972
Within a year the Australian
Embassy in China was
reopened
New Trade link with South East
Asia
Japan overtakes England
as biggest export market.
In 19691970 25 percent of Australian
exports went to Japan, as opposed to only
11.8 percent going to Britain.
trade agreements with South East Asian
countries such as South Korea and
Taiwan
abandonment of the 'White
Australia' policy in the 1970s
Asian refugees
Tourist Visas to visit Australia
The postWar relationship
with Vietnam
Australia
disagreed with
America and
maintained
relationships with
communist
Vietnam.
the Australian government
sent aid to help with
reconstruction
By the mid1980s, however, good
relations had once again been
reestablished.
The Government
Outlawing the Communist Party
Menzies and Liberal Party
Pledge to ban Communists
Previous bans have been attempted but only successful during war
Proposed to be unlawful
Problems
Justifying the ban
Legally
Find a way lawfully to ban all communist activity
Needed to make communism as scary and as threatening to Australia as possible
Industry workers
If Unions were pushed too far then there was a risk of industrial instability
How to identify a communist
Unlikely to own up to it
Guilty until proven innocent
If you were accused of being a communist you were guilty, unless you could prove otherwise.
Communist Party Dissolution Bill
1950
the CPA was to be declared an unlawful
organisation and that the party's property
could be seized and disposed of.
Any other organisations that were suspected
of being affiliated with the CPA were also to be dissolved
Anyone who carried on the work of the
party after it was declared illegal was to be
jailed for five years
as soon as someone was declared to be a communist,
they were to be suspended from their job if it were in
the federal government, the defence forces, or in the
unions
a communist was 'a person who supports or
advocates the objectives, policies, teachings,
principles or practices of communism, as
expounded by Marx and Lenin
Bill failed on first attempt
because of the ALP said that
the bill was a move towards a
totalitarian state
Korean War influenced ALP to accept the Bill on the 20th September 1950 and officially became a law on the 28th October of the same year
The CPA and trade unions
went to the high court to
ask for an injunction
It was decided after four
months that the bill was
unconstitutional
6 of the 7 judges ruled against
the act
1951 Referendum
22cd November
The One and only question was 'Do you approve of the
proposed law for the alteration of the Constitution
entitled “Constitution Alteration (Powers to deal with
Communists and Communism) 1951"?'
The referendum was narrowly defeated by 52082 votes so the Liberal Party wasn't allowed to ban the communist party
America and England also had the same hunt for "reds under the beds
30yearold, established,
political party
Alliances
SouthEast Asia Treaty
Organisation (SEATO)
America, Australia, New Zealand,
Britain, France, The Philippines,
Thailand and Pakistan were all part of
this treaty
Each Party recognises that aggression by means of armed attack in the Treaty Area against any of the Parties or against any State or territory which the Parties by unanimous agreement may hereafter designate, would endanger its own peace and safety, and agrees that it will in that event act to meet the common danger in accordance its constitutional processes.
Article IV of the SEATO Treaty, 1954
ANZUS
This treaty was between Australia,
New Zealand, and The United
States
The main point of the treaty is "The parties will consult together whenever, in the opinion of any one of them, the territorial integrity, political independence or security of any of the Parties is threatened in the Pacific."
Article III of the ANZUS Treaty, 1951
Vietnam veterans And their Families
Physical
Wounded
Poisoned by insecticide and
herbicide or Agent Orange
Investigation in 1985 says
that it had not affected
soldiers.
Not until 1994 was Agent
orange acknowledged for
diseases
Cancer, Birth Defects, Miscarriages,
brain dysfunction and other diseases
believed to be caused by Agent Orange
Pyschologial issues with
handling these diseases.
Legacy
Psychological
Post traumatic Stress Disorder
(PTSD)
Alcoholism
Heart Disease and Other
alcohol related diseases
No one knew how to deal with
effects of PTSD
Suicide
compensation but nothing else
Lost 2 years of their lives
Unrecognized, Unthanked
No Welcome home parade
Felt Blamed for the war
Shunning of soldiers
Emotionally detached from
family and lives
No one tried to understand
what the soldiers went
through
Protest Groups
Antiwar protests has been
going on since 1962
large and angry antiwar
movement growing
Wives of soldiers who were deployed
received angry phone calls and letters and
antiwar literature was handed out.
ALP on the side of protestors
The government's plan to put soldiers
into Vietnam was called "blood for
dollars" or "diggers for dollars" by
Trade union
By supporting America and risking the lives
of Australians we would have a stable
economy
Work Stoppages as an
antiwar protest
the Protestant churches were
divided over the issue of
Vietnam
Even before Menzies sent troops a group of
Anglican bishops asked him not to increase
Australian involvement in Vietnam
The Methodist Church came
out as strongly antiwar
No group more associated with
Protests then Universities
Early years some supported
and some were against the
war
only after the start of conscription that
students began to come out in force against
the War.
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