French Revolution

French Revolution
French Philosphers
Wrote about Democratic Ideas
Voltaire
believed in Free Speech,
Press, Religion, and Equal
Rights
"I do not agree with a word you say, but
will defend to the death your right to say
it"
Montesquies
Believed in Liberty
Freed to much Government Power
Said government should have 3
branches to keep power
checked
Rousseau
Opposed Monarchs and Nobility
Believed all people are Equal
Said it was governments jobto defend
individual and protect the good of
Society
Troops in Paris
People gathered in Paris for
Esates General Meeting
believed help was coming
Grew Impatient
King called Troops to Paris
Angered People
Stromed Bastille
Money Problems
Huge National Debt
American Revolution
Sent money and supplies to
aid United States
America could not repay loan
immediately
Previous Monarchs
borrowed and spent money to
fight Seven Years War
Built an Palace at Versailles
Poor Harvest
Bad weather
not enough wheat
population grew
Monarch's Spending
Misconception
Marie Antoinette and Louis
XVI cut royal spending
Marie Antoinette was
despised by the French
Blamed her for problems
Created Necklace Affair
Supported American Revolution
Extravagant parties
Seven Years War
Built Palaces
Jacques Necker
Louis XVI's Director of Finance
Blamed for debt incurred in
American REvolution
Advocated for loans
People loved him
Created high interest Rates
Meant not raising taxes
Divided poll tax more equally
Had Enemies
Marie Antoinette
Kings Advisors
Convinces Louis XVI to fire Necker
Published Royal Finances
Showed expenditures
Made people aware of
Monarch's spending
Showed Revenue
False Statistics
France looked stronger
Created a $10 million revenue
Taxes
Estates General
Louis XVI ordered meeting
1st and 2nd Estate refused to meet
3rd Estate formed National Assembly
1st and 2nd Estates agreed to meet
Had more power than 3rd Estate
Voted down changes
1st meeting of Estates
General since 1614
People wanted change
46 1 1