Linguistic Principles

The Native Language Effect
According to the text
The native language of learners exerts a
strong influence on the acquisition of the
target language system.
Characterized by
Think in spanish
associate between native
language and L2
According with text
People tend to learn a L2 by stages and in
this process it is important make an
effective feedback (especially teachers).
Characterized by
1.Systematic: sounds, words, structures
and discourse. (rules)
2.Dynamic: rules can change
3.Variable: context in which the students
receive language
Some suggestions
1.Try to distinguish the interlanguage
2.Don’t make a student feel stupid
3.Give the message that mistakes are
not bad
Communicative Competence (CC)
Refers to
communicative competence want to achieve
the use to language with fluency, not with
accuracy but that is authentic, students can
use it in real and not only applied to the
classroom contexts.
Has these components
1. Organizational competence
(grammar and discourse)
2. Pragmatic (functional and
3. Strategic competence
4. Psychomotor skills.
1.Remember that grammar and the
others components functional,
sociolinguistic, psychomotor, and strategic
are important of CC.
2. Some pragmatic aspects are very
difficult then make sure your lessons aim to
teach subtle.