how to teach english by jeremy harmer

how to teach english by jeremy harmer
Teachers
Good teachers
Passionate about their job
Dinamic
Good attitude
Make lessons interesting
Respectful
Teachers' role
Controller
Prompters
By encouraging students and pushing
them to achieve more
Assessors
Providing students with grades, and a basic
analysis of their performance
Resource
Be able to provide assistance and a
response for students and their questions
Rapport
Relationship between students and teacher
This can be influenced by
Recognising students and their effort
Listening to Students
Respecting Students
Being even handed and equal towards
everyone
Teachers' tasks
Preparation
Includes materials, activities, lesson plans,
and others
Keeping records
Taking register, filling forms, writing reports
Being reliable
Leading by example, being on time, and
doing a good job in all aspects
Teachers' skills
Managing classes
Variety
Teachers have the skills to vary activities
and topics over a period of time. This can
prevent monotony, which can eventually
lead to a problem of motivation.
Destinations
Teachers may be able to understand the
purpose of the activites proposed in the
classroom, and what skills students have to
develop for those activities. Based on this,
tteacher should be able to iddentify when
a student has reached the goal, and when
is the right moment to move forward into
the next topic.
Teachers' knowledge
The language system
Teachers may have enough skills for a
good speaking, writing and listening in the
language.
Teachers should be able to resolve any
concern students may have related to the
target language.
Materials and resources
A good teacher should be able to create
good materials for the lessons, as well as
know how to use those materials and
resources.
Material and resources may include
workbooks, puzzles, videos, and others.
Clasroom equipment
Teacher needs to use different resources to
be able to support his or her lessons.
Equipment may include the user of
computers, CDs, blogs, podcasts, music,
Power Point presentations, among others.
Control and organization of the class,
and prevention of misbehaviour, and
reacting effectively when it happens.
Keeping up to date
Nowadays technology offers the chance to
be updated about new tools, methods and
others related to teaching.
Teachers have to be updated about all
these things in order to provide students
with good and updated information.
Teachers may also need to use modern
topics and situations for activites. This can
also affect the students desire to
participate during the classes.
Learners
Reasons for learning
Specific Purpose (ESP)
Businness, Tourism, Banking, among
others.
Academic Purposes (EAP)
Contexts
English as a Foreign Language
Those students who want to learn to use
language for traveling or communication
with people from another countries.
English as a Second Language
Students who are living in the target
language community
English for Speakers of other Languages
Students who are involved in EFL and ESL
at the same time.
Learners and their differences
Age
Students' interest and skills to learn can be
affected based on their age. Children learn
in a different way than Adolescents do. The
same happen with Adults.
Teachers need to take this into account
when preparing classes.
Learning Styles
All students have different skills, as well as
strenghts and weaknesses.
Multiple Intelligences (mathematical,
musical, interpersonal, spatial, emotional,
etc) have to be taken into account for
every student when creating a lesson plan.
Levels
Beginners
A1, A2
Intermediate
B1, B2
Upper intermediate
B2,C1
Advanced
C2
Educational and Cultural background
Some cultures value education a litttle bit
more than others. This can influence a lot
the students' motivation, responses, tasks,
and others
Motivation
Extrinsic
Motivation that students bring into the
classroom from outside
Instrinsic
Motivation that is generated inside the
classroom. Can be generated by teacher's
methods and activities during the lessons.
Responsability
Every student is responsible for their own
learning process, however, teachers may
influence in this.
Teachers may provide support by providing
websites with information and activities
related to the topics presented during class
Teachers can ask students to do various
kinds of activities, such as homeworks,
written exercises, and others
Teachers can provide resources so
Students can work at home, such as
newspapers, magazines, worksheets,
listening material, videos and DVDs
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