how to teach english by jeremy harmer
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how to teach english by jeremy harmer
Passionate about their job
Make lessons interesting
By encouraging students and pushingthem to achieve more
Providing students with grades, and a basicanalysis of their performance
Be able to provide assistance and aresponse for students and their questions
Relationship between students and teacher
This can be influenced by
Recognising students and their effort
Listening to Students
Being even handed and equal towardseveryone
Includes materials, activities, lesson plans,and others
Taking register, filling forms, writing reports
Leading by example, being on time, anddoing a good job in all aspects
Teachers have the skills to vary activitiesand topics over a period of time. This canprevent monotony, which can eventuallylead to a problem of motivation.
Teachers may be able to understand thepurpose of the activites proposed in theclassroom, and what skills students have todevelop for those activities. Based on this,tteacher should be able to iddentify whena student has reached the goal, and whenis the right moment to move forward intothe next topic.
The language system
Teachers may have enough skills for agood speaking, writing and listening in thelanguage.
Teachers should be able to resolve anyconcern students may have related to thetarget language.
Materials and resources
A good teacher should be able to creategood materials for the lessons, as well asknow how to use those materials andresources.
Material and resources may includeworkbooks, puzzles, videos, and others.
Teacher needs to use different resources tobe able to support his or her lessons.
Equipment may include the user ofcomputers, CDs, blogs, podcasts, music,Power Point presentations, among others.
Control and organization of the class,and prevention of misbehaviour, andreacting effectively when it happens.
Keeping up to date
Nowadays technology offers the chance tobe updated about new tools, methods andothers related to teaching.
Teachers have to be updated about allthese things in order to provide studentswith good and updated information.
Teachers may also need to use moderntopics and situations for activites. This canalso affect the students desire toparticipate during the classes.
Reasons for learning
Specific Purpose (ESP)
Businness, Tourism, Banking, amongothers.
Academic Purposes (EAP)
English as a Foreign Language
Those students who want to learn to uselanguage for traveling or communicationwith people from another countries.
English as a Second Language
Students who are living in the targetlanguage community
English for Speakers of other Languages
Students who are involved in EFL and ESLat the same time.
Learners and their differences
Students&#39; interest and skills to learn can beaffected based on their age. Children learnin a different way than Adolescents do. Thesame happen with Adults.
Teachers need to take this into accountwhen preparing classes.
All students have different skills, as well asstrenghts and weaknesses.
Multiple Intelligences (mathematical,musical, interpersonal, spatial, emotional,etc) have to be taken into account forevery student when creating a lesson plan.
Educational and Cultural background
Some cultures value education a litttle bitmore than others. This can influence a lotthe students&#39; motivation, responses, tasks,and others
Motivation that students bring into theclassroom from outside
Motivation that is generated inside theclassroom. Can be generated by teacher&#39;smethods and activities during the lessons.
Every student is responsible for their ownlearning process, however, teachers mayinfluence in this.
Teachers may provide support by providingwebsites with information and activitiesrelated to the topics presented during class
Teachers can ask students to do variouskinds of activities, such as homeworks,written exercises, and others
Teachers can provide resources soStudents can work at home, such as newspapers, magazines, worksheets,listening material, videos and DVDs