Reformation

Reformation
Background
- violence
- Humanist ideas
- questioning church
- classical education
- social reform
- poverty
Martin Luther
- 95 Theses
- pope did not have power to release
souls from purgatory
- Christians only can be saved through
faith
- indulgences have no place in Bible
- outlawed by Pope Leo X and Charles V
- convinced many to renounce pope's
authority
- peasants rebelled against Church
Peace ofAugsburg
- each prince decided between
Catholicism or Lutheranism for their
states
- Northern chose Lutheran
- Southern chose Catholic
Church
- popes against monarchs for power
- popes wealthy with lavish lives
- indulgences for money
English Refor...
- Queen Elizabeth compromised
between Protestant and Catholic
policies
- break from Church was work of King
Henry VIII
Persecution
- brought on by extreme religious beliefs
at the time
- Jews
- witches
Catholic Reformation
- Pope Paul III
- tried to regain Church's moral authority
- fight Protestant spread
- established council of Trent
- strengthened Inquisition
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