Mind Map Gallery How was Hitler Able to Take Power in Germany
This is a mind map that contains information about how was Hilter able to take power in Germany.Edited at 2020-10-12 05:39:22
How was Hitler Able to Take Power in Germany
Role of Psychology and the German People
Humiliation felt from losing the war
Humiliation felt from the TOV
Stephen J. Lee suggests that there was an"antidemocratic feeling which severelydamaged the fabric of the republic."
Function of political thinkers; WilhelmHegel, Friedrich Neitzsche and Heinrich vonTreitscke
German political figures who all glorifiedthe function of war as well as emphasison the power of individuality, whomshould contribute in building a supremestate.
Hegel: war is "is the great purifier" &amp;emphasized the importance of "thesupreme r3ight of the state over theindividual"
Neitzsche: urged mankind to be "lords ofthe earth", and not to fall "slavish toChristianity"
Treitscke "war is the basis of all politicalvirtues"
The severe hit to Germany's economy gaveHitler a foothold to assert that Weimar was aweak and flawed system, and that a Jewishconspiracy was weakening the Germanpeople
Germany was especially hit hard by theeconomic crash as they depended heavilyon the U.S. economy
"The economic crisis that struck Germany in1929 also damaged Weimar's foreignrelations" Micheal Lynch
Hitler shifted political fcous after 1930,towards workers and industrial population,who are described as "disillusioned withdemocracy under the impact of highunemployment"
Unemployment rose to record levels. By1933, 6,000,000 Germans were out of work.
The Role of Hitler himself
Quote about the nature of nazism: ‘[Nazismwas] a movement that was deliberatelydesigned to highlight by everymanipulative device – symbols, language,ritual, hierarchy, parades, rallies … thesupremacy of the dynamic, irrational factorsin politics: struggle, will, force, the sinkingof individual identity in the collectiveemotions of the group, sacrifice, discipline.’
“The cruelties of the civil war and ‘redterror’ in Lenin’s Russia were making animpact, and Hitler could use them to (justifyhis) farright views"
“In bringing Hitler to power, chances andconservative miscalculation played a largerrole that any actions of the Nazi leaderhimself” – Ian Kershaw 1991
“By replacing class with race, and thedictatorship of the proletariat with thedictatorship of the leader, Nazism reversedthe usual terms of socialist ideology” Andrew Roberts
Good credentials, e.g. Iron Cross
Strong oratory skills
Charismatic personality and social influence
"... the living incarnation of thenation's yearning... " Georg Schott
“He seemed, as many who listened to hisearly speeches testified, to speak straightfrom the heart, and to express their owndeepest fears and desires” AndrewRoberts
“He exuded self confidence, aggression,belief in the ultimate triumph of his party,even a sense of destiny” Andrew Roberts
“Without necessarily using overtlyreligious language, Hitler appealed toreligious archetypes of suffering,humiliation, redemption and resurrectionlodged deep within his listeners’psyche….he found a ready response” Andrew Roberts
“Hitler’s speeches reduced Germany’scomplex social, political and economicproblems to a simple commondenominator: the evil machinations of theJews” Andrew Roberts
The role of propaganda
Hitler in Mein Kampf: "The understanding of themasses is very limited, their intelligence is small...as a result, all effective propaganda must belimited to a few points and must harp on these inslogans until the last member of the publicunderstands"
Posters had been curated with differentvarieties, particularly the 'our last hope'which a black background, contrasting withother colourful posters to produce atremendous effect on the masses.
Modern technology exploited: speakers,radio, film, records, expensive cars,aeroplanes hired to transport Hitler andadvertise Hitler to express his politicalmessage.
"Nazi Literature and speeches were full ofreferences to hoe well the party understoodthe plight of farmers and land workers" Micheal Lynch