Mind Map Gallery IRAC Method for Analyzing Legal Cases
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IRAC Method for Analyzing Legal Cases
Second step: Now,rewrite in IRAC format:
What facts and circumstances brought these parties to court? This should actually be &quot;1.&quot; and called Facts
What is the question beforethe court? (Hint in legalopinions it is usuallyintroduced with the word&quot;Whether. . . &quot;
What is the governing law for the issue?
Apply the facts to each element of the law
Does the rule apply to these unique facts?
&quot;From the analysis you come to a Conclusion as to whether
the rule applies to the facts.&quot; Where are these quotescoming from?
How does the court&#39;s holding modify the rule of law?
First step:solve theIRAC Triad
Step 1: Whatcircumstancesgave rise to thelaw suit? ( In otherwords what is thestory?)
Are there buzzwords in the facts that suggest an issue?
Read the case carefully toidentify the relevant facts
What are the non-issues?
Step 2: Afterbecoming familiarwith the facts,identify the issue.What question isthe court beingcalled on toresolve?
Identify the rule of law. Whatlegal principles will the courtuse to resolve the dispute
The legal issue would not exist unless some event occurred.
The issue mechanically determines what rule isapplied.
In determining the issue before the court consider whether thecourt is deciding a question of fact i.e. the parties are
in dispute over what happened or a question of law i.e. the
court is unsure which rule to apply to these facts?
Step 3: What legal principle forrule of law will the court rely onto address the issue youidentified?
What are the elements that prove the rule?
From what authority does it come? Common law, statute, new rule?
What&#39;s the underlying public policy behind the rule?
Are there social considerations?
What are the exceptions to the rule?
Step 4 Apply the facts to the rule oflaw to form theAnalysis.
Which facts help prove which elements of the rule?
Why are certain facts relevant?
How do these facts satisfy this rule?
What types of facts are applied to the rule?
How do these facts further the public policy underlying
What&#39;s the counter-argument for another solution?
Do the facts satisfy the requirements of the rule?