The mountainous system of the Andes presents the greatest climate change, which is determined mainly by altitude and its thermosphere, it is divided into warm climate, temperate zone 1000 and 2000 ms, the temperature is between 17 and 23 ° C, representing 33 % of the total of the country, cold at an altitude of 3200 m below 12 ° C Altitude and permanent snow below 0 ° C, which covers less than 3% of the national territory. In general, the residential areas of the country have a warm and temperate climate and are located in medium or large cities with an altitude of more than 2,000 meters. Bogotá is one of the highest cities in the world, it is 2,600 meters above sea level, and its climate is the typical tropical Mediterranean climate at equatorial latitude.
The inhabited area of Colombia has a warm and temperate climate and in medium or large cities at more than 2000 meters of altitude
Bogotá is one of the highest cities in the world and has a temperate climate.
The climate of Colombia depends on geographical and atmospheric aspects, such as rainfall, intensity, solar radiation, temperature, wind system, latitude, altitude, continental and atmospheric humidity. They form a wide range of climatic and microclimatic junctions in Colombia, ranging from the warmest 30 ° C to the coldest, with maximum temperatures below 0 ° C in the Andes Mountains and Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta.