Western Philippine Dances

When the Spaniards came to the Philippines in the 16th century, they brought with them the Spanish religion and European arts and culture. native religion and culture slowly gave way to Christianity and Western civilization. The natives started to lose most of their ancient traditions in the literary, visual, and performing arts. In no time, dances from Spain, France, and other European countries, such as the jota, balse, pandanggo, habanera, escotis, mazurka, paseo, marcha, and paso doble were adopted and adapted to the tastes and needs of a colonial society and the conditions of a tropical archipelago.
1.Polkabal- A dance which acquired its name fromtwo well-known steps polka and valse, corrupted into one word as polkabal, by the people of Atimonan, Quezon.
2.PolkabalTagala - A dance from Bataan, where one of the figures, the ladies pick their voluminous skirts forward and backward toshow-off their beautiful lace petticoats.
3.Maliket – A – Polkan - A dance from Pangasinan whichmeans happy polka.
4.Sideleddang - A dance which means laden withsorrow in Ilocos Norte.
5.Polka saNayon - A polka dance version from Batangas.
6.Polka Sala - A polka dance version from Mindoro.
1. Habanera Narcisena - A Habanera named after San Narciso town in Zambales.
2. Habanera Botolena - A dance which was supposedly performed in the earlier days in honor of a departing priest. Later on it became a dance performed during social gatherings in Botolan, Zambales.
3. Habanera De Soltera - A dance performed by betrothed couple during one of the ceremonies before the wedding.
4. Habasinan - From the word "haba" in habanera and "sinan" form Pangasinan is a courtship dance.
1. Pandanggo Rinconada - A festival dance from the province of Bicol depicting the happy and contented life of the people.
2. Pandanggo sa Ilaw - A dance from Mindoro using tinghoy or oil lamps placed on the top of the head and one on each hand.
3. Pandanggo sa Sambalilo - A pandanggo dance from Camiling, Tarlac.
4. Pandanggo Ivatan - A wedding dance from Batanes.
5. Pandang - Pandang - Is an exciting and extraordinary wedding dance from Antique.
1. Rigodon de Honor - A quadrille dance commonly performed in formal gatherings in a quadrille formation.
2. Tayabas Lancers - A quadrille dance from Tayabas, Quezon performed by old folks during the early days.
3. Birginia - A quadrille form of dance of the Americans, the "Virginia Reel" inspired by the Cagayanos to develop a Filipino version called Birginia.
4. Pasakat - A quadrille dance from Sta. Rosa, Laguna.
5. Los balles de Ayer or Maharlika - A quadrille dance from Tarlac.
6. Lingayen lancers - A version of lancersos form Pangasinan.
7. Lanceros de Negros - A dance from Silay, Negros Occidental which was not in quadrille formation but in linear formation.
1.Mazurka de Cuyo - A social dance from Cuyo Island, andearly Spanish settlement in Palawan.
2.Mazurka de Jagna - A mazurka named after Jagna town.
3.Mazurka Mindoreña - A premiere dance of the elite in Mindoro, and Don Antonio Luna, who considered best dancer of his time popularized it. A traditional dance from Bohol which was originally performed by couples informally gathered in the ballroomwith no definite sequence steps.
4.Mazurka Boholana - A combination of the two dances,mazurka and valse, which features the skill of coordination of movement of both dancers as the boy carries the girlon his feet while dancing.
1. Valse Vieja - A festival dance from Pangasinan meaning old waltz.
2. ValseYbanag - A dance from Camalaniugan, Cagayan meaning waltz of the Ybanag people.
3. Balse Marikina - A dance performed after the Lutrina, a religious procession.
4. Cariñosa - The famous national dance of the Philippines depicting the character of Filipina maiden's modesty and humility.
5. Sayaw Sta. Isabel - A dance performed during thanksgiving feasts after a good harvest, during balaihan, weddings, or religious occasions.
1. La Jota Moncadeña - A festive dance from Moncada, Tarlac which was originally danced during a funeral procession in the early times.
2. Jota Gumaqueña - A jota version from Gumaca, Quezon.
3. Jota Cabangan - A courtship dance form Zambales.
4. Jota Cagayana - A lovely dance which is an adaptation from the Spanish Jota performed by the early Spanish settlers in the Cagayan Valley.
5. Jota de Manila - Manila's version of the famous Jota with its typical Spanish stampas, cobradas and clicking of bamboo castanets bearing Hispanic culture.
6. Jota de Paragua - A version of the Jota, which bears Spanish stampas and cobradas from Paragua, the old name of Palawan.
7. Jota Bicolana - A jota version from Bicol Region performed during social gatherings. 8. Jota Rizal - A jota version from Batangas popular during the time of Dr. Jose Rizal.
9. Jotabal - A festival dance originated in Camohaguin, Gumaca, Quezon which derived from the words jota and balse.
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