History of Mexico

History of Mexico182418361846 – 18481916 – 19171519 – 15211910 – 19201855 – 18721428 – 1521 1864 – 186710th – 16th century6th – 7th century AD 0 – 500AD 250 – 90019201810 – 18211521 – 1820Traditional Maya city-states prosper in the most distant south of current Mexico.The major religious and cultural focus of Teotihuacán thrives. New people came flooding in central Mexico from the north, including Nahuatl speakers.Renewed Maya civilization blooms in the northern Yucatan peninsula, making significant urban communities like Uxmal and Chichen Itza.The most recent of a long line of native civilizations, the Aztec Empire - a union of Nahuatl-speaking city-states driven by Tenochtitlan - builds up authority over central Mexico.Spain’s conquest begins with the small Spanish army that was led by Hernan Corte’s landing at the Veracruz. In 1521 along with local anti-Aztecs Corte’s men captivated the capital Tenochtitlan (Mexico is the modern world).The viceroyalty of New Spain forms part with Mexico.War of Independence finishes with the making of the short-living Mexican Empire, which incorporates Central America toward the southern boundary of Costa Rica in the modern age.Mexico becomes the federal republic. Central American provinces separate, becoming Honduras, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Guatemala, and El Salvador.The former region of Texas, at this point progressively populated by English-speaking Americans, withdraws after a war, proceeding to join the United States nine years’ after.Mexican-American War closes with Mexico being compelled to sell its northern areas (counting modern-time California, Nevada, New Mexico, Arizona, and Utah) to the US.Limiting of the landholdings and power of the catholic church by the liberal reforms in the LA Reforma period.Sub TopiArchduke Maximilian of Austria is introduced as head by France and moderate landowners, however is overturned and executed by Republican renegades.Porfirio Diaz's dictatorship ends with the Mexican revolution and a constitutional government is established.Indecisive US invasion against revolutionary leader Francisco Pancho Villa.Followed by a decade of uncertainty the President Venustiano Carranza gets murdered.1960 – 19681929 – 1934In 1929 the former president Plutarco Elias Calles established the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), which ruled the government for 71 years. The uproar among laborers and workers over unequal distribution of wealth is suppressed. In 1968, the students’ show in Mexico City during the Olympic Games was terminated by security.1976Enormous reserves of offshore oil are found; the Cantarell field turns into the pillar of Mexico's oil creation.1993Parliament approves the North American Free Trade Agreement (Nafta) with Canada and the US.19941996 – 19972000Vicente Fox of the conservative Alliance for Change wins the election for president.The Popular Revolutionary Army (EPR) attacked the government that produced a revolt in the south in 1996.The Zapatistas and government conceded to greater autonomy for the native Mayans of Chiapas the next year.
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