International Business - IPMI International Business School

International Business
Reasons for Trade
Globalization
Absolute Advantage
Comparative Advantage
Exporting
Importing
Licensing
Strategic Alliance
Joint Venture
Direct Investment
Risk
Cross-Cultural
Financial
Commercial
Country
Political System
Legal System
Totalitarianism
Socialism
Democracy
Common Law
Civil Law
Religious Law
Mixed System
Command Economies
Mixed Economies
Market Economies
Government Intervention
Tariff
Non-tariff Trade Barrier
Quota
Investment Barrier
Key Players
Large Companies from Wealthy Nations
Firms from Emerging Markets
Small & Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs)
Multinational Enterprises (MNEs)
Born Global Firms
SWF vs FDI
Indonesia Investment Authority (INA)
Objective: To manage domestic assets for growth.
Currency & Exchange Rates
Theories of International Trade and Investment
Nation-level
Firm-level
Why Do Nations Trade?
Competitive Advantage
Mercantilism
Absolute Advantage Principle
Comparative Advantage Principle
Factor Proportions Theory
International PLC Theory
New Trade Theory
Competitive Advantage of Nations
Michael Porter's Diamond Model
National Industrial Policy
Why Do Firms Go Global?
Competitive Advantage
Internationalization Process of Firm
Born Global and International Entrepreneurship
Monopolistic Advantage Theory
Internalization theory
Dunning Eclectic's Paradigm
International Collaborative Ventures
Network and Relational Assets
Relative Inflation Rates
Relative Income
Govt. restrictions on flow of goods/services
Risk Perception
Relative Interest Rates
Govt. restrictions on capital flow
Sustainability through ESG
Environmental
Social
Governance
Impact
Investment
Sustainability
How the company deal with operation-affected environment
How is the relationships between company and the stakeholders (consumer, supplier, etc)
How is the company being governed
Sustainability through Blue Economy
Business sustainability through continuous cycle process with radical resource productivity and zero waste
Cradle-to-cradle
Closed loop
Renewable energy
Reuse
Corporate Governance
Ethics
Corporate Social Responsibility
Sustainability
Sovereign Wealth Fund (SWF)
Foreign Direct Investment
Strategy in which the firm establishes a physical presence abroad by acquiring productive assets such as capital, technology, labor, land, plant, and equipment
Selecting FDI Locations
Market
Human Resource
Infrastructural
Political and Governmental
Legal and Regulatory
Motives
Economic
Profit Retention
Market Seeking
Asset/Resource Seeking
Efficiency Seeking
Relativism
Normativism
Sustainability Development Goal
Trend toward greater economic, cultural, political, and technological interdependence among national institutions and economies
"Business transactions betweeen parties from more than one country"
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