Dulce et Decorum Est by Wilfred Owen

Dulce et Decorum Est by Wilfred Owen
Context
Owen was born in 1893 and died in 1918 (7days before the end of WW1)
'Dulce et Decorum Est' means it is sweet and honourable (to die for one's country)
It was written in towards the end of WW1 which lasted from 1914 - 1918
1st Stanza
use of similes
'like old beggars'
'coughing like hags' -'hags' means old women
'our distant rest'
away from war
towards rest
Alliteration
'Men marched'
'blood-shod'
covered in blood
highlights tiredness
Enjambment
At the end of the stanza
2nd Stanza
'Gas! Gas! Quick, boys!'
Exclamation marks, emphasizes a change in tone
Shows that a Gas Attack is happening
'Clumsy Helmets'
Gas Masks
3rd Verse
Someone didn't put the helmet on in time
'Green'
Colour of the gas
'like a man in fire or lime'
gas was burning
person running around like a lunatic
3rd Stanza
Longest Stanza
1st and 2nd verse
the person/soldier died in Owen's Arms
Alliteration
The s: 'some smothering'
The w: 'watch the white eyes writhing'
'Behind the wagon that we flung him in'
They they threw the dead person into a wagon
Verse 5 to 9
Describes the slow death the soldier went through
'My Friend'
Refers to Jessie Pope
Good Qoutes
"The old Lie: Dulce et decorum est / Pro patria mori"
Translation: The old Lie: it is sweet and fitting to die for country
In Latin
"Gas! Gas! Quick boys"
Shows gas attack incoming from enemies
"smothering dreams"
Nightmares
Poet still has nightmares about the death of his friend
Vocabulary
Flares
rockets which were sent up to burn brightly and light up any soldiers / targets
Distant rest
Soldiers were exhausted heading for the camp, away from the front line where they would be allowed to rest for a few days
Hoots
the noise made by shells flying overhead
Outstripped
men have managed to march beyond the reach of the shells, they are now falling behind them
Five-nines
Explosive Shells
Gas
Poisons gas that destroys the lungs within seconds
Flound'ring
Floundering
Stumbling and struggling to stand upright
Lime
A chalky substance which burns flesh
Zem
Enthusiasm
Ardent
Very Keen
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