Methods and approaches in languages teaching and learning

Methods and Approaches
Grammar-Translation Method
Direct Method
Audiolingual Method
Communicative Language Teaching
The Silent Way
Community Language Learning
Lexical Approach
Total Physical Response
Task-Based Language Learning
Eclectic Approach
Inductive Approach
Deductive Approach
Focus: Grammar.
Goal: Read literature from English speaking countries.
Constant use of L1.
Goal: To make the learning process more natural. Simmilar to the acquisition of L1.
Important macroskills: Listening and speaking.
Lessons exclusively in English.
Important macroskills: Reading and writing.
The 4 macroskills are equally important.
Learning as a collaborative process (learners-learners and learners-teacher)
Teachers can mix different approaches and techniques from different methods.
Focus: Learners' needs and goals.
Focus: Using English in real contexts.
The teacher is silent (most of the time) and the students speak.
Teacher role: Facilitator or stimulator.
Discovery and creation of rules (inductive approach)
Humanistic Language Teaching
Focus: Relaxation of students.
Students and teacher = Parent-children.
Learning is accidental and natural.
Learning occurs in an interpersonal relationship.
Students need to be comfortable to learn.
Teacher role: Counsellor.
Learners role: Expected to be independent and collaborative.
Learning is more successful if it is associated with physical movement acitivities.
Used especially in child language acquisition.
Use of the imperative mode.
The acquisition of the language is reached by successfully completing tasks.
Teacher role: Facilitator.
Assessment of learning: If students could complete the tasks or not.