Weaknesses of Weimar government

WG lost support of middle class and lower middle class the civil service, judiciary, military and even big business were mostly under the influence of advisors who were pro-Kaiser, wished for his return Reasons for the Rise of Hitler external favourable circumstances hitler's leadership abilities political economic social Constitutional weakness of the law Proportional RepresentationCoalition Government (instability)Artlcle 48 of Weimar ConstitutionLeft and Right Opposition Left Right Spartacist Rebellion Kapp Putsch lack of support from the people signing of the TOV whatwhowhere why when how percentage of votes in election = seat number in parliament (10% = 10%)voters, parties germany Reichstaggives many political parties a chance to be represented, no clear majority NApeople voted for a party instead of specific candidates problemfragmented parliament, too many conflicting disagreements, cannot get anything donewhat when two or more parties cooperate to form a government because none of them can get a majority whynone of the political parties could form the majority when whonumber of parties where germany Reichstag from 1919 to 1933, 20 coalition governments howtwo or more parties cooperate together problem extreme ideas, not willing to compromise CG kept breaking upfrequent changes of government (instability)whatwho where why when how allowed the president to dissolve both houses of parliament and rule by decree for 6 months in 'time of emergency' to bypass the lengthy parliament decision making, time is of essence in times of emergency presidentgermany, Reichstag NApresident can act without parliament approval problem 'emergency' not clearly defined could be abused hitler used this to seize power legally what who where whywhen how Sparcists organised a general strike against the WGformed a revolutionary committee took over control of public buildings and put up red flags (communism)BerlinWG, Freikorps, German Army 5 January 1919Ebert used force to subdue them by deploying the Freikorps problem what whowhere why when how attempt to overthrow the WG, putting right-wing Wolfgang Kapp as the Prime Minister General Ehrhardt, leader of the FK, authorised GWVL to lead FK to take control of berlin and overthrow the Weimar General Walter von Luetwitz , Wolfgang Kapp, Trade union workers, Friedrich Ebert, General Ehrhardt BerlinWK opposed the WG due to humiliation caused ger by signing the TOV192013 march 1920soldiers took over Berlin, announced Wk as PM hyperinflationwhygermans could not pay reparations to france and belgium french and belgium occupy Ruhr, heavily industrialised (natural resources)area to get the payment in kind workers there went on strike, not producing anything for the french and belgium to take government printed more money to pay off the striking workers and to pay off the reparationshyperinflationwhenwhowhatwhere how december 1922, germany failed to make payment 1923 France and Belgium invade Ruhr in retaliationWG, france, belgium, workers hyperinflation: a rapid, uncontrollable rise in prices that seriously damage a country's economygermany how did hyperinflation happen?more money printed, more the value decreased effects of hyperinflation wealthy and middle class poorhard hit lost their savings and pensions, wiped out overnight whatwhy when where who how People's negative reactions to wards the WG and Ebert for signing the TOVTOV seen as Diktat, without Germany's inclusion in the discussiongermany ebert and WG, civillians , army army and civilians blamed the WG for signing the unreaosnable TOVarmy felt stabbed in the back - wanted to continue fighting difficult to gain their support, without their support, WG remained weak and could not hold on to power and authority
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