Embedded Questions
Alternative Questions
Tag Questions
Statements (Non-questions)
Negative Questions
This type of questions usually begins with one of the following phrases: Do you know... Do you think... Did you decide... Did you hear... Are you sure... Did anyone tell you... Have you heard... Can you tell me... Will you let me know...
The embedded question may be an information question;
Simple Questions Did you decide where you're going for your honey moon? Can you tell me how to get to the Continental Express office?
Possible Response We're going to Tahiti. Sorry, I'm not sure where it is.
Responses to this type of question are not simply yes/no answers; they must answer the embedded information question.
These questions are introduced by the words if or whether.
Simple Questions Do you know if Mr. Kwan is in his office? Have you heard whether interest rates will go up again.
Possible Responses I believe he is-let me check. I haven't heard anything, but they probably will.
Statements may also be embedded in questions. These statements can be introduced by the word that, but it is often omitted.
Simple Questions Did you hear that Bill was laid off? Are you sure this is a bargain?
Possible Responses Oh, no- poor Bill. Yes, it's the best price I think you'll get.
Alternative questions ask listeners to choose one of two (sometimes three) possibilities. They contain the word or.
Sample Questions Will you arrive in the morning or the evening? Do you want coffee ore tea?
Possible Responses In the morning, I think. Coffee for me.
Responses to these questions usually name one of the alternatives. Answers may also include the word either, neither, or both. Remember; A yes or no response is not appropriate for an alternative question.
Sample Question Do you want milk or sugar in your coffee?
Possible Responses Neither one./ Both. please.
Tag questions consist of an affirmative statement with a negative tag (...doesn't he?, ...isn't it?, ...haven't you?) or a negative statement with an affirmative tag (...will you?, ...did she?,...are there?).
Expressions such as...wouldn't you say?...don't you think?, OK?, and...right? are sometimes used in place of negative tags.
Sample Questions This is a beautiful beach, isn't it? You enjoyed the play, didn't you? This won't take long, will it? He didn't miss his plane, did he?
Possible Responses it's lovely. As a matter of face, I found it boring. Just a few minutes. I don't think so.
Sample Questions You remember Rachel, right? This is a good place to camp, don't you think?
Possible Responses Oh, sure, I remember her well. Yes, it's a rice spot.
Negative questions begin with negative contractions: Doesn't..., Hasn't..., Aren't... The expected answer is affirmative, but the actual answer may be either affirmative or negative.
Some negative questions are used in special functions: Won't used in invitations
Shouldn't you/ used to make suggestions
Wouldn't you like... is used to make offers.
Sample Questions Isn't beautiful weather? Weren't you tired after the race?
Possible Responses It certainly is. No, not too tired.
Sample Question Won't you come to the party with us?
Possible Response Sure, I'd love to
Sample Question Shouldn't you take your umbrella?
Possible Response No, I think the weather is going to clear up.
Sample Question Wouldn't you like some tea?
Possible response Thanks, I'd love some.
There are many kinds of statement a used for announcement, request, suggestions, or exclamations. These are not questions, but can be responded to in a number of ways: with yes or no responses, or with other statements, etc.
Announcements are statements that are used to give information.
Sample Statement There's a meeting in 10 minutes in the conference room.
Possible Response Thanks for letting me know.
Please..., Let me know if..., and I'd appreciate it if... are used in statement that make requests.
Let' used in statements that make suggestions.
A special kind of statement, an exclamation, is used to express surprise, delight, or anger. These types of statements frequently begin with What (a) + noun, What (a) + adjective + noun, and How + adjective.
Sample Statement Please tell David about the changes. Let me know if the fax arrives by the end of the day. I'd appreciate it if you could send this package to Singapore.
Possible Responses Okay, I'll email him now. I'll call you as soon as I see it. No problem I'll mail it right away.
Sample Statement Let's take Mr. Robins to the new Italian restaurant.
Possible Response That's a good idea.
Sample Statements What a mess! What a great day! How hot it is in here.
Possible Responses I know. I need to clean today. Yes, the weather is beautiful. It is pretty warm.
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