AI and Psychotherapy

what: intelligent self-help therapist and companion
how: using a combination of natural language processing, carefully constructed writing, a sense of humor, and psychological expertise – primarily in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) to deliver brief daily 10 minute (max) conversations
target populations: accessible to anyone who have interest in it but specifically targeted students in college and graduate schools
result: early results from research teams at Stanford University have shown that college students who chatted with Woebot significantly reduced the symptoms of depression in two weeks
Advantage: free; accessible 24/7; barrier-free; judgement-free
what: AI-enabled Life Coach for mental and emotional wellness, provides early intervention to high-risk groups through 3 methods: an AI chatbot, a library of evidence-based self-help tools, and messaging-based support from human psychologists.
how: CBT and human support
target: people who are experiencing low mood, stress or anxiety, or who are interested in improving their emotional resilience. not able to be used by children who are under age 13
result: “An Empathy-Driven, Conversational Artificial Intelligence Agent (Wysa) for Digital Mental Well-Being: Real-World Data Evaluation Mixed-Methods Study” The average mood improvement (ie, difference in pre- and post-self-reported depression scores) between the groups (ie, high vs low users; n=108 and n=21, respectively) revealed that the high users group had significantly higher average improvement (mean 5.84 [SD 6.66]) compared with the low users group (mean 3.52 [SD 6.15])
Advantage: human team
what: provide users with mental health support. work with clinics
what: relapse prediction&management of mood disorder
what: help diagnose and treat behavioral health disorders by interpreting data generated from using smartphone technology
how: digital phenotyping: a method of quantifying individual characteristics by analyzing data generated from an individual’s use of smartphones and other personal digital devices.
CBT pro: a novel Computerized Clinician Support Tool that will use cutting-edge spoken language technology to provide immediate feedback and coaching to mental health staff and trainees who wish to learn CBTp. ClientBot is a patient-like conversational agent used to train basic counseling skills. Much like chatting with a friend online or through text, a trainee chats and interacts with a simulated patient.
how: Algorithms were trained using data from over 1 million consumers and through partnerships with over 40 healthcare organizations, the company said. machine learning is used to learn from patient data and to align care with patient goals and objectives.
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