This is a mind map about the key points of different chapters in sociology course. Sociology is the study of human social relationships and institutions. Sociology’s subject matter is diverse, ranging from crime to religion, from the family to the state, from the divisions of race and social class to the shared beliefs of a common culture, and from social stability to radical change in whole societies. Unifying the study of these diverse subjects of study is sociology’s purpose of understanding how human action and consciousness both shape and are shaped by surrounding cultural and social structures.
Similar Mind Maps
functions and disfunctions
The functions of a type of social activity that are known to and intended by the individuals involved in the activity
Functional consequences that are not intended or recognized by the members of a social system in which they occur
George Herbert Mead
Alexis de Tocqueville
"Democracy in America", the US as a nation of joiners
More broadly, the theory that an individual’s behavior is purposive
A concept used by Weber to refer to the process by which modes of precise calculation and organization, involving abstract rules and procedures, increasingly come to dominate the social world
Jean Baudrillard, electronic media influence
An economic system based on the private ownership of wealth, which is invested and reinvested in order to produce profit.
materialist conception of history
The view developed by Marx according to which material, or economic, factors have a prime role in determining historical change
An idea or practice that a group of people agree exists. It is maintained over time by people taking its existence for granted.
"sociology" (social physics)
A theoretical perspective based on the notion that social events can best be explained in terms of the functions they perform—that is, the contributions they make to the continuity of a society
the individual does matter
"Division of Labor in Society"
The conditioning influence on our behavior of the groups and societies of which we are members
the importance of religion in maintaining moral order in society
sociological imagination (1959)
the fittest” . The best persons succeed, and the rest fall behind due to their own lack of effort or
the states interference with the natural order by improving the life chances of individuals
likened society to a biological organism
focusing on all aspects of society while studying
previously ignored issues
more than observe, but benefit too
W. E. B. DU BOIS
contact of diverse races of men”
A sociological perspective that emphasizes the role of political and economic power and oppression as contributing to the existing social order
The study of human behavior in
the context of face-to-face interaction.
The study of large-scale groups,
organizations, or social systems.
personal, emotional, and scientific side of sociology
statistics and scientific methodologies
rich and broader understanding, but small groups
precise and efficient data on a large group, but may be superficial
easier to control and repeat, but can be affected by various situations and no access to lab smtm
comparative historical research