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Jules Gabriel Verne (
) was one of the most famous French
novelists of all time.
He wrote several plays, worked as secretary of the Théâtre Lyrique
), and published short stories and scientific essays in the
periodical Musée des familles.
Verne's influence extends beyond literature and film into the world of
science and technology, where he inspired generations of scientists,
inventors, and explorers. In
the United States Navy launched the
world's first nuclear-powered submarine, named for Verne's Nautilus.
Verne was born on February
, in Nantes, France, a busy maritime
port city. There, Verne was exposed to vessels departing and arriving,
sparking his imagination for travel and adventure. While attending
boarding school, he began to write short stories and poetry.
Jules Verne has been the second most-translated author in the world
, ranking between Agatha Christie and William Shakespeare.
He has sometimes been called the "Father of Science Fiction", a title that
has also been given to H. G. Wells and Hugo Gernsback. In the
is the most translated French author in the world. In France,
declared "Jules Verne Year" on the occasion of the centenary of the
He wrote some of literature's most famous adventure novels, including
seminal works such as "Journey to the Center of the Earth", "Twenty
Thousand Leagues Under the Sea", and "Around the World in