Mind Map of The Analects

The Analects
Main Ideas
The Way of the Master
After the death of Confucius—or simply "the Master"—his followers and students recorded numerous short statements, conversations, and stories that illustrate his teachings. Nearly 2,500 years old, this ancient philosophy still has lessons to teach about consideration, morality, respect, and self-improvement.
Ideal Gentleman
The Master's ideal person—the gentleman—is benevolent and follows ritual.
The Way
Following the tenets of Confucian philosophy leads one down a path of virtue.
Fondness for Learning
Lifelong learning is needed to achieve humaneness.
Mandate of Heaven
Humane Thought & Action
Desiring to do what's right comes from making oneself act and think humanely.
Importance of Ritual
Observing ritual to honor the gods, family, and others builds compassion.
Confucius believed the feudal rulers of his state had divine right to rule.
Influence of Confucianism
Chinese government was based on Confucianism from the first century to 1905.
Zhou Dynasty
Confucius sought to preserve the feudal system and traditions established during the Zhou.
CONFUCIUS c. 551-479 BCE
Even as a boy, Confucius valued learning, and he eventually became a teacher at age 30. He also served in government, but his high moral standards caused conflicts with those in power. Although he never found a truly moral state, his philosophy attracted many followers and shaped Chinese culture for thousands of years.
Key Figures
Merchant and diplomat
Prefers action to learning
Ran You
Also called Master; interested in government
The Master's favorite student; dies young
Approximate number of short pieces (known as chapters) in The Analects
Age at which Confucius became a judge in the state of Lu
Last year China's civil service examinations were based on Confucian texts
Master Zeng
Also a teacher; interested in reverence for parents
Original teacher of Confucian philosophy