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A mind map about cognitive psychology. Cognitive psychology is the scientific study of the mind as an information processor. Use EdrawMind to easily create your own diagram!
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Cognitive Psychology vs Cognitive Science
redominantly concerned with applied psychology
the understanding of psychological phenomena
used in the applied field of clinical psychology
heavily involved in running psychological experiments involving human participants
Gathering information related to how the human mind takes in
acts upon inputs received from the outside world
predominantly concerned with a much broader scope
particularly with artificial intelligence
provides the corpus of information feeding the theories used by cognitive psychologists
involves non-human subjects
delve into areas which would come under ethical scrutiny if performed on human participants
implanting devices in the brains of rats, to track the firing of neurons while the rat performs a particular task
highly involved in the area of artificial intelligence and its application to the understanding of mental processes
The mental processes that affect behavior has 3 stages
Sensory memory storage
holds sensory information
Short-term memory storage
holds information temporarily for analysis and retrieves information from the Long-term memory.
holds information over an extended period of time which receives information from the short-term memory.
False Fame Effect
physical senses (sight, smell, hearing, taste, touch, and proprioception) as well as the cognitive processes involved in interpreting those senses
identify irrelevant data and filter it out, enabling significant data to be distributed to the other mental processes
Lack of cohesion
competing models that questioned information-processing approaches to cognitive functioning such as Decision Making and Behavioral Science
Lack of empirical support
behaviorist critics held that the empiricism it pursued was incompatible with the concept of internal mental states
continues to gather evidence of direct correlations between physiological brain activity and putative mental states
Aaron T. Beck, father of cognitive therapy, a particular type of CBT treatment.
Besk put his reasoning for the treatment of depression by means of therapy or therapy and antidepressants versus using a pharmacological-only approach.
development of multiple social information processing (SIP) models
children who possess a greater ability to process social information more often display higher levels of socially acceptable behavior
five steps that an individual proceeds through when evaluating interactions with other individuals
how the person interprets cues is key to their reactionary process
the Theory of Mind (ToM)
deals specifically with the ability of an individual to effectively understand and attribute cognition to those around them
a matter of metacognition, or thinking about one's thoughts
The child must be able to recognize that they have their own thoughts and in turn, that others possess thoughts of their own.
broad concept encompassing all manners of one's thoughts and knowledge about their own thinking
persons 'encyclopedic' knowledge base
specific knowledge relating to performing particular tasks
The application of these cognitive paradigms to education attempts to augment a student's ability to integrate declarative knowledge into newly learned procedures in an effort to facilitate accelerated learning.
understanding of how knowledge is organized in the brain has been a major focus within the field of education in recent years
The hierarchical method of organizing information
how that maps well onto the brain's memory are concepts that have proven extremely beneficial in classrooms
The approach focuses on the formation of what it believes to be faulty schemata, centralized on judgmental biases and general cognitive errors.
determined to be fast and automatic
strong emotional bonds included in the reasoning process
was slower and much more volatile
being subject to conscious judgments and attitudes
Debates ensued through the 19th century
human thought was solely experiential (empiricism), or included innate knowledge (rationalism)
George Berkeley and John Locke on the side of empiricism
Immanuel Kant on the side of nativism.
mid to late 19th century
development of psychology as a scientific discipline
Carl Wernicke's discovery of an area thought to be mostly responsible for comprehension of language
Paul Broca's discovery of the area of the brain largely responsible for language production