Cognitive Psychology

COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGYCognitive Psychology vsCognitive ScienceCognitive psychologyCognitive psychologists CriticismsLack of cohesionLack of empirical supportHistoryDebates ensued through the 19th centurymid to late 19th centurydevelopment of psychology as a scientific disciplineApplicationsAbnormal psychologySocial psychologyDevelopmental psychologyModern perspectivesIntuitionReasoningdetermined to be fast and automaticstrong emotional bonds included in the reasoning processwas slower and much more volatilebeing subject to conscious judgments and attitudesCognitive processesThe mental processes that affect behavior has 3 stages MetacognitionSensory memory storageShort-term memory storageLong-term memoryDéjà VuCryptomnesiaFalse Fame EffectValidity effectImagination inflationholds sensory informationLanguageholds information temporarily for analysis and retrieves information from the Long-term memory.holds information over an extended period of time which receives information from the short-term memory.Perceptionphysical senses (sight, smell, hearing, taste, touch, and proprioception) as well as the cognitive processes involved in interpreting those sensesAttentionidentify irrelevant data and filter it out, enabling significant data to be distributed to the other mental processesEducational psychologyPersonality psychologybehaviorist critics held that the empiricism it pursued was incompatible with the concept of internal mental statescontinues to gather evidence of direct correlations between physiological brain activity and putative mental statescompeting models that questioned information-processing approaches to cognitive functioning such as Decision Making and Behavioral Sciencehuman thought was solely experiential (empiricism), or included innate knowledge (rationalism)George Berkeley and John Locke on the side of empiricismImmanuel Kant on the side of nativism.Wernicke's aphasia.Carl Wernicke's discovery of an area thought to be mostly responsible for comprehension of languageBroca's aphasiaPaul Broca's discovery of the area of the brain largely responsible for language productionredominantly concerned with applied psychologythe understanding of psychological phenomenaheavily involved in running psychological experiments involving human participantsGoalGathering information related to how the human mind takes inprocessesacts upon inputs received from the outside worldCognitive scienceApplicationused in the applied field of clinical psychologypredominantly concerned with a much broader scopeprovides the corpus of information feeding the theories used by cognitive psychologistsphilosophylinguisticsanthropologySubtopicneuroscienceparticularly with artificial intelligenceResearchinvolves non-human subjectsdelve into areas which would come under ethical scrutiny if performed on human participantsimplanting devices in the brains of rats, to track the firing of neurons while the rat performs a particular taskApplicationhighly involved in the area of artificial intelligence and its application to the understanding of mental processeschildren who possess a greater ability to process social information more often display higher levels of socially acceptable behaviorfive steps that an individual proceeds through when evaluating interactions with other individualshow the person interprets cues is key to their reactionary processdevelopment of multiple social information processing (SIP) modelsthe Theory of Mind (ToM)deals specifically with the ability of an individual to effectively understand and attribute cognition to those around thema matter of metacognition, or thinking about one's thoughtsThe child must be able to recognize that they have their own thoughts and in turn, that others possess thoughts of their own.MetacognitionDeclarative knowledgeKnowledge organizationbroad concept encompassing all manners of one's thoughts and knowledge about their own thinkingAaron T. Beck, father of cognitive therapy, a particular type of CBT treatment.procedural knowledgepersons 'encyclopedic' knowledge basespecific knowledge relating to performing particular tasksThe application of these cognitive paradigms to education attempts to augment a student's ability to integrate declarative knowledge into newly learned procedures in an effort to facilitate accelerated learning.understanding of how knowledge is organized in the brain has been a major focus within the field of education in recent yearsThe hierarchical method of organizing informationhow that maps well onto the brain's memory are concepts that have proven extremely beneficial in classroomsThe approach focuses on the formation of what it believes to be faulty schemata, centralized on judgmental biases and general cognitive errors.Besk put his reasoning for the treatment of depression by means of therapy or therapy and antidepressants versus using a pharmacological-only approach.
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