Qualitative analysis

Qualitative analysisCation testsAnion TestsSolubility tablewhite precipitatecolourful precipitatesAluminiumLeadNH3doesn't dissolve in excess ammoniaNaOHdissolves in excessNH3doesn't dissolve in excess ammoniadissolves in excessNaOHZincCalciumNh3NaOHdoesn't dissolve in excessno precipitate is formedNH3dissolves in excessNaOHdissolves in excessCopper (Cu2+)NH3forms a light blue precipitateNaOHforms a light blue precipitateIron (II) (Fe2+)NH3NaOHforms a green precipitateforms a green precipitateIron (III) (Fe3+)NH3forms a reddish brown precipitateNaOHforms a reddish brown precipitatedoesn't dissolve in excessdoesn't dissolve in excessdoesn't dissolve in excessdoesn't dissolve in excessdoesn't dissolve in excessdissolves in excess to form a deep blue solutiontest for anionsCarbonate (CO3 2-)testadd dilute acid to substanceif effervescence is seentest for carbon dioxidebuble the gas through limewaterif a white precipitate is formed, CO3 2- ions are presentChloride (Cl-)testacidify with dilute nitric acid, then add AgNo3 (aq) ORPbNO3resultwhite ppt of AgCl is formedIodide (I-)testacidify with dilute nitric acid, then add AgNo3 (aq) OR PbNO3resultyellow ppt of AgI formedppt of lead(II) iodide is formednitrate (NO3 2-)make solution alkaline with aqueous sodiumhydroxide then add aluminium foil; and warmcarefullyresultammonia gas given offtest for ammonia gasplace moist red litmus paperat the mouth of the test tubeif it turns blue, ammonia is presentSulfate (SO4 2-)Acidify with dilute HCl, then add BaCl (aq) or BaNO3 (aq)testtestresultwhite ppt of barium sulfate is formed
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