Disease Concept Map Template

If you are struggling with mapping a disease concept map, worry no more. This article discusses the basics of using a disease concept map, its benefits, and examples.
coronary artery disease concept map

What is the Disease?

A disease is an anomaly that impairs a body's normal functioning and is generally characterized by particular signs and symptoms. It is labeled as any abnormal, mental, or physical condition that causes pain, distress, dysfunction, or death to the affected person. Diseases can also include disabilities, disorders, infections, or any abnormal variation in the functioning of the organism's body. They can either be caused by external stimuli such as pathogens or by internal body dysfunctions that stem from a cellular level.
The four main types of diseases are deficiency diseases, psychological diseases, congenital diseases, and contagious and non-contagious diseases. Contagious and non-contagious diseases are also known as infectious and non-infectious diseases, which we will discuss further below.

Types of Disease

As mentioned above, there are several classifications of diseases; however, in this part, we will only discuss infectious and non-infectious diseases and their types.
1. Infectious Disease
Infectious diseases are caused by pathogens such as bacteria, viruses, or fungi that enter our body from a contaminated environment. These diseases are contagious, which means that they are easily transmitted from one person to another. The type of infectious disease, mode of transmission, and symptoms depend on respective pathogens. People with compromised immune systems are more likely to be affected by infectious diseases.
Examples of Infectious Disease
  • Influenza
    Influenza is a contagious respiratory infection caused by a virus. It is characterized by symptoms such as dry cough, sore throat, and runny nose.
  • COVID-19
    COVID-19 is a virus that causes mild to acute respiratory illness or even death. The primary symptoms of this infection are cough, fever, and shortage of breath.
  • Tuberculosis
    Tuberculosis is a bacterial infection that majorly attacks the lungs of the human body. The three stages of Tuberculosis are Primary Infection, Latent TB Infection, and Active TB Disease.
  • Athlete's Foot
    Athlete's Foot is an infectious fungal disease that causes rashes on the feet. If you have a weak immune system, then you are more likely to be affected by this disease.
  • Pinworms
    Pinworms are worms that cause an infection called enterobiasis. The symptoms of this disease are anal itching, sleeplessness, and vaginal itching.
2. Non-Infectious Disease
Non-infectious diseases are caused by various factors such as; environmental factors, lifestyle changes, and genetics. Also known as 'Chronic' diseases, they cannot transmit from one person to another. Non-infectious diseases are generally characterized as long-term acute diseases because they often result in rapid death. Non-infectious diseases usually do not have a cure.
Examples of Non-Infectious Disease
  • Epilepsy
    Epilepsy is a brain disorder that is characterized by repeated seizures. It has no prominent cause; however, it is reported to have a genetic influence in some cases.
  • Pulmonary Hypertension
    It occurs when there is high blood pressure in pulmonary arteries supplying blood to the heart. It can cause heart failure if not treated on time.
  • Cystic Fibrosis
    It is an inherited disorder that affects the cells in the lungs, liver, and other major organs.
  • Asthma
    Asthma is a condition in which the airways to the lungs are blocked, and as a result, the patient suffers from breathing difficulties.
  • Coronary Heart Disease
    A condition in which the blood supply to the heart is blocked can eventually result in a heart attack.

Top 10 Causes of Death

Death is inevitable; however, there are some reasons that become the cause of death, which can arise from any probable organ or part of the body. In this part, we shall be reviewing some top causes of death as follows:
  1. Heart Disease
    Heart disease refers to illnesses that affect the heart and pathway of blood vessels, such as heart arrhythmias, coronary artery disease, and a heart defect. Heart diseases are incurable and are characterized by symptoms such as shortness of breath or chest discomfort.
  2. Cancer
    The uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in a body develops into cancer. Cancer is fatal; however, cancer diagnosed and treated at an early stage is more likely to be cured.
  3. Chronic Lower Respiratory Disease
    COPD, asthma, and pulmonary hypertension are the most common chronic respiratory diseases that affect the lungs. The leading cause of this disease is smoking because the smoking directory affects the lungs.
  4. Stroke
    A stroke occurs when the blood supply to the brain is restricted due to a blocked artery. In the absence of oxygenated blood flowing to the brain, the blood cells begin to die, and the person is at risk of death.
  5. Alzheimer's
    Alzheimer's disease is an incurable mental disorder that leads to memory loss and impairment of thought processes. Changing certain lifestyle choices along with early treatment can help with the treatment.
  6. Diabetes
    Diabetes refers to an insulin deficiency in the body. Untreated diabetes for a long-time result in the accumulation of glucose and fats in the body, leading to organ malfunction and heart disease. The most common type of diabetes is type-2 diabetes.
  7. Pneumonia
    Pneumonia is an infectious disease caused by a pathogen that results in lung inflammation. The severity of pneumonia can range from mild to acute, and the infection is usually treated by antibiotics.
  8. Cirrhosis
    It is a liver disease whereby scar tissues replace healthy tissues of the liver and cause permanent damage to the organ. This condition eventually leads to liver failure, which can be fatal.
  9. Kidney Disease
    Kidney disease is caused by diabetes or high blood pressure and occurs when the functioning of the kidneys is impaired. The disease is undetected until the last stage of disease; kidney failure.
  10. Tuberculosis
    Tuberculosis is a bacterial infectious disease that affects the lungs or any other part of the body, and the case of this disease is Mycobacterium Tuberculosis. It is characterized by cough and shortness of breath.

Disease Concept Map Templates

The disease concept map is an effective way to organize information in a concise manner that can be quickly sorted out. Below we will discuss some examples of disease concept maps:
1. Types of Disease Mind Map
The types of disease concept map display concise information about various classifications of diseases according to their respective nature, such as their duration and causation. The concept map displays further classifications under the sub-heading of diseases according to reasons to breakdown and diversifies the types of diseases. The three-tier breakdown of types of diseases, along with mentioned examples, makes it easier for users to understand.
2. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Concept Map
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease causes blockage in the airways that result in breathing issues. Since COPD has a probability of being fatal, it is imperative to be aware of factors such as its epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment. These factors are mentioned in the COPD concept map, along with their detailed information.
3. Coronary Artery Disease Concept Map
The coronary artery disease concept map is a detailed outline of risks associated with the disease and its effects on the surrounding. This concept map has summarized the potential increase in risks of the disease, its impact on the surrounding environment and personal life, and the consequences of those impacts. This concept map is an excellent representation of the chain of reaction of coronary artery disease.
4. Ischemic Heart Disease Concept Map
The ischemic heart disease concept map is mainly branched into headings of inflammation, coronary microvascular dysfunction, vasospasm, atherosclerosis, and their definition. These headings are further simplified into small pieces of information that are all interlinked.
One of the most effective and easy-to-use disease concept map software is EdrawMind. The software contains a basic drag-and-drop editor for map creation and simple functions to ensure that everyone can use it easily. There is a wide variety of templates and resource material available that allows custom mind mapping. EdrawMind also allows users to personalize their templates with colors, shapes, and symbols and then convert them into a slideshow.

How to Create Concept Map?

Do you want to know how to create a disease concept map for your project, lab, or hospital room? In this part, we have outlined a step-by-step guide to making a disease concept map in EdrawMind:
Step 1: Launch EdrawMind
Install and open EdrawMind on your desktop to explore its built-in templates. There are several built-in concept map templates that you can choose according to your disease concept map requirements.
select your edrawmind template
Step 2: Decide the Main Topic
After launching EdrawMind online, brainstorm to decide on the main idea and the main topics of the disease concept map. Analyze the major topics within the core notion once you've decided on an idea. You can add more main topics to your concept by pressing the “Enter” button on your keyboard.
finalize the main idea and topics
Step 3: Add Subtopics to Concept Map
After finalizing the main idea and topics for your disease concept map, it's time to add the subtopics to your main topics. You can add a subtopic to the main topic by selecting and pressing the "Tab" button. Similarly, you can extend your added subtopic by selecting it and using the "Tab" button.
add your subtopics
Step 4: Arrowhead Modification
A concept map uses arrowheads to establish a connection between topics and subtopics. Arrowheads can be modified according to the requirements of your disease concept map through the “Branch” section of the EdrawMind.
customize the arrowhead shape
Step 5: Customize Disease Concept Map
EdrawMind has multiple built-in-colored themes, various fonts, symbols, and shapes that can make a disease concept map more engaging. You can use these features to make your concept map more interesting and attractive so the audience does not get bored.
customize the concept map design


This article has discussed in-depth detail on disease concept maps and their uses. We recommend using EdrawMind software for concept maps. EdrawMind is an easy-to-use map software with fully equipped personalized features that makes a map unique and has multiple nodes to outline the content structure.