History of Beijing

History, Fun Facts, Timeline, & Mind Maps of Beijing
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Beijing's long and beautiful history is nearly about 3000 years old; however, the city did not turn into the center point of China's rule until 1272 when Kublai Khan made it the capital of the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty. From that time on, except for two brief recesses, Beijing has filled in as the place of force for the entirety of China.

The Early History

Since the existence of the civilization of China, various towns of differing sizes and import have remained at or close to the site of the present Beijing. For instance, a well-known nearby lager, Yanjing, is named for a city-kingdom based here 3,000 years prior. In view of this current, it is not absurd to depict Beijing's progressive history as starting with the Jin dynasty, around 800 years prior. Driven by the nine ages of the Jurchen dynasty, the Jin dynasty ultimately fell into a battle against the Mongol crowds.

The Mongols

Not many militaries had the option to withstand the wild assault of the outfitted Mongol forces under the order of Genghis Khan. The Jurchen tribe demonstrated no exemption, and the city of Jin was totally devastated. After decades, in 1260, Kublai Khan, the grandson of Genghis Khan, returned to utilize the city as an operational base for his victory over southern China. By 1271 Kublai Khan had accomplished his objective, announcing himself as the emperor of China under the Yuan Dynasty (1271–1368), with Beijing as its capital.

The new capital was based on a scale befitting the world's then superpower. Its palaces were established around Beihai and Zhonghai lakes. Beijing's present arrangement actually mirrors the Mongolian plan.

The Mings

After the Mongols settled in Beijing, around 100 years, the rebels from the south attacked them. The southern foundations of the unified Ming Dynasty (1368–1644) denied Beijing of its capital status for almost half a century.

The Ming contributed to China's most terrific public works project: The Great Wall. The Ming Great Wall connected a few existing walls, particularly close to the capital, and crossed apparently obstructed mountains. However, the wall drained Ming coffers and, eventually, neglected to stop Manchu horsemen from taking the capital and the remainder of China in 1644.

The Qings

For the next 267 years, the foreign dynasty, Qing, continued feudalism, inherited the palaces of Ming, and constructed their own retreats in China. In the time of its failure to stop humiliating foreign infringement, the Qing were proved weak. It also lost the opium war against Great Britain in the year 1842 and was asked to surrender Hong Kong as a result.

Mao Takes the Rule

After the Qing dissolved in 1911, its replacement, Sun Yat-sen's Nationalist Party, attempted to unite power. Mao himself announced the establishment of another country from the platform on the Gate of Heavenly Peace in 1949.

Similar to Emperor Yongle, Mao constructed a capital that adjusted to his own vision. Structures inspired by the soviet were constructed around Tiananmen Square. Beijing's famous city wall was crushed to clear a path for a ring road. Churches and temples were destroyed, shut, or transformed into manufacturing plants during the ruthless commotion of the Cultural Revolution, which started in 1966 and went on until Mao's demise in 1976.

The Deng's Rule

By 1977 Deng got back to his high posts. Deng's political abilities and expansive base of support soon drove Hua to give up the prevalence and the chairmanship to protégés of Deng in 1980. Starting there on, Deng continued to complete his own policies for economic improvements. Working through persuasion, consensus, and compromise, Deng designed significant changes in practically all parts, including the social life, political, and economic aspects. Deng focused on individual accountability in the planning of material incentives, economic decisions as to the reward for initiative and industry, and the planning of frameworks of proficient, competent, well-educated managers and technicians to initiate and supervise the development. He liberated numerous mechanical endeavors from the control and oversight of the local government and gave industrial factory managers the position to decide the production levels and to seek profits for their work. Deng reestablished the state to economic growth and domestic stability after the calamitous excesses of the Cultural Revolution. Under his administration, the state obtained a quickly developing economy, rising ways of lifestyle, impressively extended cultural and social freedoms, and developing connections to the world economy.

Fun Facts about Beijing

Beijing – the capital city of the Republic of China and the third most famous city in the world. Beijing has a solid history of almost three millennia. The city is a fine blend of the culture from the past and the civilization from modern times. Beijing has a lot more to be discussed, hence here are a few facts about the interesting city:

  • The name of the city, Beijing, was changed fifteen times.
  • The airport of Beijing is counted as the world's second busiest airport.
  • In Beijing, there are seven world's UNESCO heritage sites.
  • The Great Wall of China was constructed in Beijing.
  • Beijing has the world's largest metro.
  • Beijing is the first to observe winters and summers.
  • Beijing has been the capital of a total of six dynasties.
  • It is one of the oldest cities in the world.


At the present time, Beijing has around 20 million people, including around 7 million working immigrants, who enjoy a treat of the old and new mix. The city has both sides to offer traditional as well as modern. Therefore, in today's Beijing, the sparkling new, as well as the ancient, consistently keep colliding.

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