English Grammar

English Grammar
Verbs & Verb Patterns
Forms
Finite
The tense
Simple
Present
Past
Compound
Present progressive
Past progressive
Future nonprogressive
Future progressive
Present perfect nonprogressive
Present perfect progressive
Past perfect nonprogressive
Past perfect progressive
Future perfect nonprogressive
Future perfect progressive
Examples
am
is
are
was
were
Nonfinite
The infinitive
(to) Present
(to) Perfect
The participle
Present
Past
The gerund
Examples
(to) be
(to) have been
being
been
Auxiliaries
Finites of do
Finites of be
Modal
Anomalous finite (AF)
Finites of do
Finites of be
Finites of modal auxiliaries
Functions
The formation of the negative
The formation of the interrogative
The interrogativenegative
Other examples of inversion
Avoidance of repetition
Tag questions
Responses
The emphatic affirmative
Adverb position
Not always anomalous
Is restricted to those finites which
combine with not in this way
Not always auxiliary
Defective
Some parts are missing
Irregular
Intransitive
Has a subject but no object
Transitive
Must have an object
Modals
Tenses
Conditionals
Articles
Countable
Singular
a/an
Not a specific thing
What kind of thing (peron) smth (smb) is
That's a nice table
Smb has a long nose / nice face etc.
What smb's job is
First time talk about smth
Once a week / three time a day / £1.5 a kilo
etc.
the
Thinking of a specific thing
Обстоятельство
Причастный оборот
Smth has already been mentioned
It is clear in the situation which person or
thing we mean
The light in this room
The station in this town
Usual doctor
Specific bank
There is only one of smth (unique)
The before same (the same)
Type of animal / machine /
musical instrument etc.
Have a piano vs. Play the piano
Names of people / names of places
Names with Republic, Kingdom,
States etc.
Names of oceans, seas, rivers & canals
The north (of Brazil)
Names of most city streets / roads
/ parks etc.
Names with of ...
The Bank of England
The Museum of Modern Art
Zero article
Noun + number
Platform 5
Room 126
Page 29
Thinking of a general idea of places & what
they are used for
Hospital
University
College
Television
The station
The theatre
The radio
The television
The television set
Names of people / names of places
Mr / Mrs / Captain / Doctor etc.
Mount
Lake
Northern Brazil
my
Cannot use alone
Plural
Some
A number of / a few of / a pair of
Some but not all
Talking about things in general
Any
Few
Many
Zero article
Thinking of a general idea of thing & what it
is used for
All cars have wheels
Children learn from playing
What kind of thing (peron) smth (smb) is
One of many stars
Those are nice chairs
Smb has a long nose / nice face etc.
Most people / most cars etc.
the
Thinking of a specific thing
Обстоятельство
Причастный оборот
the + adjective (group of people)
The young
The rich
The unemployed
the + nationality adjective
The English
A Frenchman
The Chinese
A Chinese
Mexicans
A Mexican
Uncountable
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