Definition of Forensic Science

Definition of Forensic Science
The Crime Lab
Crime Laboratories
Rapid growth
Lack of planning and coordination
Regional
National
350 labs
Different levels
Federal
State
County
Municipal
Evidence technicians
24/7
Available for evidence collection at a
crime scene
If no formal training exists education,
tours & manuals are available
People
Mathieu Orfila
Father of forensic toxicology
Alphonse Bertillon
Mugshot
Body measurements
Leone Lattes
Bloodtype
Calvin Goddard
Comparison of bullets
Walter McCrone
Analytical methods
Hans Gross
Scientific Principles
Edmond Locard
Locard's Exchange Principle
Crosstransfer
Sir Alec Jeffreys
DNA Profiling test
Francis Galton
Fingerprints
Albert Osborn
Document examination
Units
Physical Science Unit
Identifies
Compares
Biology Unit
Blood samples
Body fluids
Hair
Fiber
Firearms Unit
Discharged bullets
Cartridge cases
Shotgun shells
Ammunition
Discharged bullets
Document Examination Unit
Handwriting analysis
Other questioned document issues
Photography Unit
Photographic techniques
To record and examine physical evidence
Toxicology Unit
Examines body fluids & organs for ..
Drugs
Poisons
Latent Fingerprint Unit
Processes
Examines
Fingerprints
Polygraph Unit
Lie detector
Voiceprint Analysis Unit
Ties recorded voices to particular suspects
Crime Scene Investigation Unit
Dispatches specially trained personnel
Collect and preserve physical evidence
Special Forensic Science Services
Forensic Psychiatry
Behavior
Legal proceedings
Forensic Odontology
Identification
Unrecognizable state
Bite marks
Forensic Engineering
Failure analysis
Accident reconstruction
Causes and origins of fires or explosions
Forensic Computer and Digital Analysis Unit
Digital evidence
14