Lexical stylistic devices

lexical stylistic devices
Metaphor is a figure of speech that makes an implicit, implied, or hidden comparison between two things that are unrelated, but which share some common characteristics.
Is a stylistic device also based on the simultaneous realization of two logical meanings - dictionary and contextual, but the two meanings are in opposition to each other. The literal meaning is the opposite of the intended meaning.
ex:he doctor is as kind hearted as a wolf.
ex:War is the mother of all battles.
It is a figure of speech that replaces the name of a thing with the name of something else with which it is closely associated. We can come across examples of metonymy both from literature and in everyday life.
ex:Let me give you a hand. (Hand means help.)
Hyperbole, derived from a Greek word meaning “over-casting,” is a figure of speech that involves an exaggeration of ideas for the sake of emphasis.
ex:She is as heavy as an elephant!
In rhetoric, meiosis is a euphemistic figure of speech that intentionally understates something or implies that it is lesser in significance or size than it really is.
ex:“I am a very foolish fond old man,
Fourscore and upward, not an hour more or less;
And, to deal plainly,
I fear I am not in my perfect mind…”
Epithet is a descriptive literary device that describes a place, a thing or a person in such a way that it helps in making the characteristics of a person, thing or place more prominent than they actually are.
Pun, zeugma, semantically false chains and nonsense of non-sequence
ex:“My restless blood now lies a-quiver,
Knowing that always, exquisitely,
This April twilight on the river
Stirs anguish in the heart of me….”
Litotes, derived from a Greek word meaning “simple”, is a figure of speech which employs an understatement by using double negatives or, in other words, positive statement is expressed by negating its opposite expressions.
ex:A million dollars is not a little amount.
united into a small group as they have much in common both in the mechanism of their formation and in their function.
ex:Aristotle as “The Philosopher”
Winston Churchill as “The Great Commoner”
Antonomasia is a literary term in which a descriptive phrase replaces a person’s name. Antonomasia can range from lighthearted nicknames to epic names.
Oxymoron is a figure of speech in which two opposite ideas are joined to create an effect.
Open secret
Tragic comedy
Seriously funny