The Behaviorist, Innatist, and Interactionist Theories

The Behaviorist, Innatist, and Interactionist Theories
The Interactionist Theory
First Language Acquistion
Nature and Nurture involved in language
acquisition
Adults scaffold conversations when they
repeat what child means in grammatically
correct language
Opposite of Innatist Theory
Caregivers and parents play vital role
Children want to communicate, caregivers
motivate them to learn language in order
to communicate with them
Second Language Acquistion
Communication between child and
caregiver is critical
As understanding grows, interaction
increases as child communicates more
Social environment is an important role;
caregivers modify speech and carry
conversations
The Innatist Theory
First Language Acquisition
Noam Chomsky proposed babies born with
LAD
LADLanguage Acquisition Device
All languages use the same basic grammar,
LAD allows babies to understand basic
grammar in any language
"Pre-wired for Linguistic Analysis"
Language acquisition happens with little
help from adults and caregivers
Critical Period from birth to about 9 years
old
Second Language Acquisition
Uses child 's
syntax
Child uses LAD
Language used by others plays a minor
role, simply triggers LAD response
The Behaviorist Theory
First Language Acquisition
Language learned through reinforcement
Imitation and Association are essential
Second Language Acquisition
Imitation, Practice and Selective
Reinforcement in social environment
Major Factors are Parent Modeling and
Reinforcement
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