Character Development in Drama

Character Development in Drama
What an audience knows about a character by his or her words
and actions. These are revealed through dialogue and stage
directions. Even a character’s thoughts can be found in
Characters and
What change or growth do
characters undergo as a result of
their change.
How do the characters respond
to the conflict?
What are their reasons for
responding as they do?
What insights about human life
do these ideas convey?
What central ideas are emphasized throughout
the drama through words and actions of the
The character’s own words.
Other characters’ reactions to
the character
Descriptions of a character’s
physical appearance.
The character’s actions and
Direct Characterization
A writer simply tells the
audience about the characters
The narrator, or chorus tell the
audience what a character is
It may appear in stage directions.
Characters and Conflict
Static Unchanging; remain the
Dynamic Change and grow
Flat one-dimensional; have
only one quality
Round multi-dimensional;
have many qualities
External Conflict a struggle against an outside
force, such as an enemy, nature, or the pressures
of society
Internal Conflict a struggle posed by a
characters’ own beliefs, thoughts, or
Protagonist & Antagonist Usually a single main
character (protagonist) who opposes the one
who either creates or adds conflict (antagonist)
Complex Characters Characters that have strengths
and weaknesses and experience mixed emotions.
They have multiple motivations and a variety of