Concept Map For Urinary Tract Infection

Concept-Map-For-Urinary-Tract-Infection
Pathophysiology
- The urinary tract, from kidney to urethral
meatus, is sterile and resistant to
bacteria and colonize, causing infection.
- Escherichia coli
- This infection causes painful urination,
flank pain, hematuria, and bacteriuria,
dysuria
- May lead to pyelonephritis, cystitis, and
systemic infection.
Assessment
- Assess changes in patient's urinary urgency
and frequency.
- Assess patient's knowledge about
preventing UTIs and how they occur.
- Assess patient's urine: color, concentration,
odor, and volume.
Complications
- Renal failure
- Bacteria can spread throughout the entire
urinary system.
- Sepsis
- Bacteria that invades the urinary system
can result in the bacteria entering the
bloodstream, causing sepsis.
Urinary System
- Functional Health Pattern
- Elimination
Nursing Diagnosis
- Altered urinary elimination related to
infection.
- Acute pain related to infection
- Self-care deficit related to urinary tract
infection.
- At risk for injury to urinary tract related to
indwelling catheter as evidenced by urinary
tract infection.
Nursing Interventions
- Encourage patient to void frequently to
empty the bladder completely. This can
reduce the amount of bacteria in the urine.
- Administering analgesics and application
of heat pad can help relieve pain.
- Educate patient on urinating after taking
baths and sexual intercourse. Educate
patient on use of cotton underwear.
Tests
- Urine culture
- This test involves identifying
microorganisms that are present in a
patient's urine sample.
- STI tests
- A UTI can be transmitted sexually.
- CT Scan
- This imaging test can detect
pyelonephritis.
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