Asthma Concept Map

Asthma-Concept-Map
Pathophysiology
Inflamed airways
Swollen and sensitive airway
muscle contractions
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Narrowing of bronchial tubes
Overly sensitive immune system from exposure
to pollen, mold, dust, URI, tobacco smoke,
exercise, cold air, GERD, etc.
Diagnosis
Physical exam
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References
Books
News sources
Blogs
Supporting Data
Expert reports
Third party research
Survey data
Size of topic
Pulmonary function test
Blood gases
Imaging
Sputum test
Clinical Presentation
Shortness of Breath
Chest tightness or pain
Cough
Wheezing
Whistling sound on expiration
Worsening symptoms despite use of rescue
inhaler
Epidemology
All ages are affected
More prevalent in childhood
24.6 million Americans affected
7 million children are affected
Boys are affected more than boys
Hazards such as exposure to irritants,
chemicals, and dust increase risk
Treatment
Oxygen
Quick relief meds atrovent and beta agonist
Oral corticosteriods
Atrovent
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