Organic Synthesis Mind Map

Organic-Synthesis-Mind-Map
Functional Groups
Hydroxyl group
ROH
Carboxyl group
RCOOH
amino group
RNH2
amine group
ester linkage
HCOO
amide link
Formulae
Structural formula
full, showing all bonds and structure
Shortened structural formula
Skeletal formula showing
grouped sets e.g. CH3CH2CH3
Molecular formula
Just showing ratio of elements in
organic molecule
Naming organic compounds
# [Naming organic compounds](https://mm.tt/1613316639)
identify longest carbon chain
1 carbon = meth-
2 carbons = eth-
3 carbons = prop ect.
identify type of bonding in the chain or ring
Identify functional group
Homologous Series
Alcohols
good solvents
Polar
Classing
Primary
Oxidised by Potassium Dichromate to form aldehydes, then again to form carboxylic acids
0/1 other carbon attached to
carbon that is attached to
functional group
Secondary
2 carbons attached carbon that
is attached to functional group
Oxidised to keytones which cannot undergo further oxidation
Tertiary
cannot be oxidised
3 carbons attached...
Keytones
formed by oxidation of secondary alcohols
Alkenes
reactive
C=C has lower bond enthalpy than CC
Addition reactions
Because Alkenes are unsaturated
Bromination
Hydration
Hydrogenation
Addition polymerisation
Cycloalkanes
Alkanes
Unreactive
Strong CC and CH bonds
low polarity
Only readily undergo combustion reactions
with oxygen.
Substitution reactions with halogens under U.V. light
Aldehyde
Formed by oxidation of primary alcohols
carboxylic acid
can be formed by oxidation of aldehydes
Halogenoalkanes
Alkene + Halogen
Alkene + Hydrogen Halide
Alkane + Halogen (U.V. Light)
Can be categorised
Very useful intermediates in organic chemistry
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