Student Assessments for Kindergarten

Student Assessments for Kindergarten
References
Performance-Based Assessments
Definition: Performance-based assessments
measure a students ability to apply skills
and knowledge learned in a unit of study.
Purpose: Teachers use this method during
lessons to make sure their students are
learning the skills they need. It focuses on
the how of how students get to their
answers or conclusions instead of just
answers to problems.
Advantages: Performance-based assessments
focus on a deep understanding of the skills. If a
student is struggling this kind of assessment
can allow the teacher to see where the student
is having trouble understanding.
Disadvantages: Grading can be tricky for
teachers with this type of assessment. Since
you are focusing on the "how" of students
work, you need to set up a grading criteria for
the project.
Learning OF/FOR: It is designed for learning.
These assessments are effective because as a
teacher it helps you follow the students thought
process of doing their work since you are
focusing on how they do their work to come up
with an answer or project.
Example: If the students are learning about
letter sounds and words, the students can
take letter blocks and use them to sound
out and create words. The blocks are
different colors where the consonants are
one color and the vowels are another, this
way they can sound out each word. They
will write down every word they make, and
circle the ones that are actual words.
Diagnostic Assessments
Definition: A diagnostic assessment focuses in
one area of content knowledge and helps a
teacher know what the students prior
knowledge of a topic is before going through a
lesson.
Purpose: It is used to give teachers an
understanding of the students prior
knowledge. It can help teachers shape
their lesson plans based on what the
student previously knows.
Advantages: Teachers can use the information
they get from performance-based assessments
to make differentiated lesson plans to help each
student.
Disadvantages: Through this kind of
assessment, teachers may get a wrong idea of
a students ability.
Learning OF/FOR: Diagnostic assessments are
for learning. The help teachers really
understand what the child is coming to class
already understanding. Due to this the teacher
is able to hone in on differentiated instruction
that will benefit each student.
Example: Having each child individually go
through the alphabet and state the letter and
the sound that the letter makes.
Portfolio Assessments
Definition: Portfolio Assessments document a
individual students' work to show what they are
capable and keep track of their work.
Purpose: It keeps the students work together
that the teacher can use as evidence to
support their conclusions of a students'
strengths, capabilities, and skills.
Advantages: Everything is kept together in one
place which makes for easy access and
referencing. It is also helpful for teachers to
have to show to parents and school
administration when necessary to back up
what they are thinking about a student and
their progress.
Disadvantages: Portfolios can be a lot of work
for the teacher depending on how many
students are in the class.
Learning OF/FOR: This is an example of for
learning. It is a continuous assessment
through the year that is updated with
different student work.
Example: Have the students write the same
sentence at the beginning, middle, and end of
the school year. Save all three in the students
portfolio to see the progression of work.
Self Assessment
Definition: Self assessments are ones
evaluation of their own work by using a criteria
or rubric.
Purpose: Self assessments have the students
evaluate their own work and see how they did
based on a criteria or rubric. They give the
students a chance to deepen their
understanding of the topic.
Advantages: These assessments allow
students to reflect on their learning and their
work to see if they have made a good piece of
work or one that needs to be improved. There
are a lot of different types of self-assessments
that can be used in the classroom.
Disadvantages: Self assessments can take
some time for the students to get used to. If
they don't understand the criteria in which they
are to assess their own work, they will not be
able to do self assessments.
Learning OF/FOR: Self assessments are for
learning. They can happen often and allow
students to get a deeper understanding of their
learning.
Example: Each
kindergarten student
could have a self
assessment journal. In
the journal a teacher
could have a lined
paper and instruct them
to write a sentence.
The students could self
assess for spelling,
punctuation, capital
letters, and fingers
spaces.
Peer Assessments
Definition: Peer assessments are students
assessing each others work using a criteria or
rubric.
Purpose: There are a couple of purposes of peer
assessments. It allows the students to create a
community with one another and allows
students to learn how to give feedback. It also
allows students to learn from each others
successes and mistakes.
Advantages: The students create a community
where they feel comfortable encouraging each
other and discussing what can be improved
upon. Another advantage is that once the
students are comfortable with the assessment
method it can help the teacher get feedback to
the students in a more timely manner.
Disadvantages: It can take a lot of practice for
the students to get used to assessing one
another.
Learning OF/FOR: Peer assessments is
designed for learning. It allows the students to
learn through one another and helps them to
communicate.
Example: An example during a kindergarten
pattern lesson would be to partner the students
up and have them grade each others pattern
posters to check for correct answers or
mistakes.
Authentic Assessments
Definition: An authentic assessment is the
measurement of intellectual accomplishments
that are worthwhile, significant, and meaningful.
Purpose: These assessments are meant to
help students learn to apply their skills and
knowledge to real life experiences.
Advantages: There are different kinds of
authentic assessments so each different
learner has a chance to succeed. It also
makes students use the knowledge they
have learned instead of just showing that
they know it.
Disadvantages: These assessments can be
very time consuming, especially for larger
classes. It can also be hard for a teacher to
line these assessments up with traditional
education standards.
Learning OF/FOR: This is an example for
learning. They can be done often and help the
student learn how to apply their skills and
knowledge to real world experiences.
Example: The students could spend time
learning about plants and what plants need
to live. Then they could each plant their
own seeds and be required to keep it near
sunlight, water it, and tend to their plant.
High-Stakes Assessments
Definition: A high-stakes assessment is the
teacher or schools way of making important
decisions for a student, such as moving onto
the next grade.
Purpose: These are used to see how a student
tests after a long amount of time. The students
are assessed and the results also factor into
how the teacher is evaluated.
Advantages: High-stakes assessments allow
teachers to see how the student is learning and
they can tailor the students learning to their
specific manner. These assessments also make
sure that subjects like math and language are
being taught well in schools so that the students
will be able to do well on their assessments.
Disadvantages: Teachers may end up "teaching
to the test" by focusing class time on only
subjects that will be on the test. Also, some
students do not do well with this kind of
assessment. They can easily develop anxiety
for test taking and others may not realize just
how important these assessments are.
Learning OF/FOR: This is an example of
learning. It is a one time assessment that
allows teachers and schools to see how a
student or a class has learned over a long time.
Example:
Standardized
testing is an
example of
high-stakes
assessment.
They are done
a couple of
times a year
and the results
are given to
teachers,
school
administrators,
and parents.
Summative Assessments
Definition: Summative assessments are given
after instruction to measure student growth.
Purpose: The purpose of summative
assessments are to measure what students
have learned during a lesson or unit. Based on
how the students do the teacher can change
their teaching practices for the next year if
necessary.
Advantages: They intrinsically motivate
students to do well with their learning so they
will get good grades or marks on their
assessments.
Disadvantages: Teachers can get caught up in
"teaching to the test". Summative
assessments are not always the best measure
of learning because each student is different
and has different learning styles, so where one
student of high achievement do very well,
another of high achievement can do poorly
depending on the test.
Learning OF/FOR: Summative assessments
are an assessment of learning. They are
done at the end of a lesson to see how much
the student has learned.
Example: If kindergarten students are learning
about patterns, a summative assessment could
be having the students make a pattern poster
with stickers or stamps and having them label
the type of pattern. Another example would be
to give them a simple pattern test where they
need to create, copy, and complete patterns.
Formal Assessments
Definition: Assessments where teachers make
frequent, interactive assessments of student
understanding.
Purpose: This assessment helps the teacher to
constantly see where the students are in their
learning so they can adjust their teaching if they
need to. It also allows students to be involved in
their own assessments so they can develop
skills to learn better.
Advantages: These assessments include the
student and the teacher can provide immediate
feedback. This can help the student adjust their
learning to focus on what they need to and can
help the teacher to differentiate their instruction
to help the student.
Disadvantages: They can be time consuming
since they are used often and continuously.
There is a fear that teachers won't get the
same level of assessment as they would get
from a summative assessment, such as an
exam.
Learning OF/FOR: Formal assessments are for
learning. They are a continuous way for a
teacher to see where the student stands
academically.
Example: Teachers can use popsicle sticks with
students names on them to call on students.
This keeps students actively engaged since they
don't know when their name will be called. An
exit ticket or entrance ticket are also good
formative assessments.
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