Gastritis

GASTRITIS
Diagnosis
medical history & physical examination
blood works including H pylori test
GI series and tomography scans
endoscopy
Barium swallow studies
stool exam
Treatment
individualized symptom management
treat the underlying cause
antacids and H2 blockers
antibiotics
proton pump inhibitors
surgery if necessary
Epidemiology
higher prevalence on individuals that drink alcohol and use NSAIDs
prevalence rates of 6.3 per 100,000 population
the morbidity and mortality is dependent on the etiology of the gastritis
the incidence of H pylori infection increases with age
Clinical Presentation
upper abdominal pain or discomforts
epigastric pain
stomach fullness
nausea and vomiting
anorexia
rectal bleeding
Pathophysiology
inflammation of the gastric mucosa
infection/H pylori
bile salts reflux
stress, autoimmune
injury to the protective lining of the stomach
ASA & NSAIDs use
alcohol drinking & cocaine use
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