Characteristics of Alkenes

Characteristics of Alkenes
Physical States:
1-4 Carbon Atoms = Gas
5-14 Carbon Atoms = Liquid
This is because of the greater Van der Waals
forces that exist between molecules in alkenes
and alkanes with more carbon atoms.
15+ Carbon Atoms = Solid
Solubility in water
Alkanes and Alkenes are insoluble in water,
but are soluble in nonpolar solvents
instead.
Conductivity
Alkanes and Alkenes do not
conduct heat or electricity well.
Melting points / Boiling points
As the number of carbon atoms increase,so does the
melting and boiling point of the alkane/alkene this is also a
result of the increased Van der Waals forces between
molecules.
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