Bharatha Kandam Map

Bharatha Kandam Map
Different Versions
Indian Version
Tulsidas Ramayana is the most
popular version
Goswami Tulsidas rewrote the Tulsidas
Ramayana in 1574 and focused more on the
fact that Rama was an incarnation of Vishnu
Kamban Ramayana is another
popular version but mostly in
Tamil Nadu
written in Tamil
some parts of the story were
rewritten to better show the ideas of
Tamil
Out of India Version
Thailand
form of Ramakian is the national epic
tells more about Ramas battle
with Totsaken
little plot change, but some
Sita only gives birth to one son. The magician then gives her a second
most of the religious aspects are taken out
because the Thai people are mostly
Buddhists
Indonesia
the only way it is preformed is
as a puppet show
plot is mainly the same
Ramas mother is paralyzed
Shatrugna, Ramas third
brother does not exist
stories of the characters are
different
Characters
Rama - one of the incarnations of Vishnu as well as the king of Ayodhya and main character of Ramayana
Sita - incarnation of Lakshmi and
Rama's wife who is captured by
Ravana
Ravana - evil king of Sri Lanka who lives in palace where he brings Sita and tries to get her to accept his proposal of marriage
Hanuman - the monkey general who is highly devoted to Rama and helps him greatly
Sugriva - king of the monkeys who makes sure all the monkeys try to help Rama
Lakshmana - Rama's half
brother who thinks the
world of him and is always
by his side
Rama
devoted son
fullfilled his dharma
most well known incarnation
of Vishnu
his father loved him more than
his other sons
Prince and then king of Ayodhya
loyal husband
History
Ramayana is as large as the bible and it has
been known to man since 700 BCE when it
was written by Valmiki in Sanscrit
mainly talks about Rama as a hero
Written in verses called Sloka, in Sanskrit,
and in Anustup
Sanskrit is an ancient Indian
language
the verses are divided into
chapters called Sargas
specific events or stories are
told within the Sargas
the Sargas are then divided
into books called Kaandas
Kaanda refers to the stem of sugar cane
Kaanda can also refer to a
particular story or event while a
story is read
Chapters
Bala Kanda
Rama and Lakshmana, as well
as their siblings are born
Rama strings the bow of King
Janaka of Videha
the king gives his daughter
Sita to Rama
Ayodhya Kanda
Ramas father gets old
wants to make Rama king
Ramas father's mistress reminds him of her
one wish that must be granted for giving him
children
she banishes Rama for fourteen years
and makes her son Bharata heir to the
throne
Sita and Lakshmana go with him
Their father dies and Bharata is
supposed to be king but says it is
Ramas throne
Aranya Kanda
Rama partakes in many
battles with demons
Ravana is told by his sister of
Sita's beauty
kidnaps Sita
KishkindhaKanda
Rama meets the monkeys
they know that Sita is in Lanka
SundaraKanda
Hanuman flew across the ocean
then made himself a cat and
crept around the town
YuddhaKanda
they build a bridge to Lanka
ocean god helps them get
across the ocean
many battles and Hanuman finds herbs
that cure Rama and Lakshmana at once
Rama kills Ravana
Rama gets Sita back but says he cannot be
with her because she lived in another mans
house
Sita goes into the fire to prove
she did nothing wrong
Agni, the fire god tells Rama
she is pure
Rama becomes king
UttaraKanda
Rama's people are mad that he
took Sita back
Lakshmana takes Sita to the
Ganges and deserts her
she has twins, Kusha and Lava
Rama meets his sons when they
recite Ramayana to him at a
festival
Rama makes Sita vow that
these are his sons
the earth swallows her
Rama gives his power to his sons
and goes to heaven to be with
Sita
30