This is a mind map about "Umayyad Caliphate".
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Umayyad Caliphate Map
The golden age of knowledge in IslamicCivilization
The centre of intellectual activity during theAbbasid Dynasty was known as BaitulHikmah (Bayt alHikmah)
Many scholars emergence in this dynasty,such as alFarabi, Ibn Sina, alKhawarizmi etc.
Under the commands of Hulagu Khan, theMongols defeated the Islamic Dynasty ofAbbasid in 1258 Ce.
The Concept of Islamic Civilization
Syed Qutb said:
Islam is a religion that civilizes
Understand Islam before understanding theIslamic civilization
Islam invites humans believe in Allah
Allah sent Messengers to invite mankind tothe right path
Includes spiritual and all aspects of humanlife
Definition Of Islam
Literally: Bow, compliant, surrender andharmonious
Terminology: obey God by faith withoutdoubt and bow and obey all thecommandments
Islam is a way of life
Why choose the religion of Islam?
Believe in God and noncomplication of theunderstanding of God
Rules of life
Very easy to practice
Society before the arrival of the Prophet
Deviate from the teachings of religion
Bondage to man
Believing in many gods
Those powerful oppress the weak groups
The Muslims conquered North Africa withinthe first decades of the Umayyad Caliphate,and reached Spain (alAndalus) in 711 Ce.under Abd Rahman alDakhil 1.
The Decline of Islamic Civilization
In Spain, Europe
The decline of Islamic empire in Spain in1492 Century.
The dark event that had a significant impacton the integrity of the Islamic civilizationwhen Sultan Muhammad II deprived of thethrone by the Christians.
This dynasty are attacked by The YoungTurks under Mustafa Kamal AtTarturk.
The decline of the Ottoman Empire markedthe end of system Caliph in Islam.
After 637 years, the Ottoman Dynasty fall atthe time of Sultan Abdul Hamid II (the rulerof Islamic Caliphate).
In India, Zahiruddin Babar – the first Mughalruler – established a great empire from 1526until 19th Ce