A mind map about Osteoarthritis Nursing Care and Management.
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a type of joint disease that results from breakdown of joint cartilage and underlying bone. The most common symptoms are joint pain and stiffness.
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Age, 85% of patients are >70 years old
Race, lower among Chinese patients, slightly higher in Europeans
Gender, more common in females over age 55, more common in males 45 and younger
Daily stress to weight-bearing joints
Genetic Component (MCF2L gene)
Most common joint disease, 32 million Americans effected
50% of patients effected are 65 and older
Slowly progressive disorder effecting articular cartilage of weight bearing joints causing joint narrowing subchondral bone thickening and ultimately pain.
Arthrocentesis with synovial fluid culture to identify infection, inflammatory arthritis, or crystal arthropathy
Infection or Bleeding in the joint
Non Pharmacological interventions
Physical and Occupational Therapy
Analgesics & Anti-inflammatory Drugs
Can be sudden or insidious
Aching pain worsening with movement
Katrina Jacobson, RN- BSN Thomas Edison State University
Norris, T. L. (2019). Porth’s pathophysiology: Concepts of altered health states (10th ed.). Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Lozada, C.J., (2020) Osteoarthritis MedScape Professional. https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/330487-overview
Osteoarthritis Fact Sheet. (2019) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/arthritis/basics/osteoarthritis.htm.