XENOBIOTICS

XENOBIOTIC COMPOUNDS
INTRODUCTION
CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES FOREIGN TO THE BODY
SOLUTIONS
PROBLEMS
SOURCES
CAN BE MADE
NATURALLY
ARTIFICIALLY
XENOS - foreign; BIOS-life
PLANT PRODUCTS
SUBSTANCES FOUND IN A ORGANISM THAT ARE NOT NATURALLY PRODUCED OR EXPECTED TO BE PRESENT IN THE ORGANISM
AGRICULTURE
MINNING
INDUSTRIES
PESTICIDES
FUNGICIDES AND BIOCIDES
CHLORINATED BIPHENYLS
WASTE
SYNTHETIC DYES
ALKYL BENZYL SULPHATES
DIFFERENT AROMATIC SUBSTANCES
HEAVY METALS LIKE ARSENIC, LEAD, ETC.
WASTES BY ANTHROPOGENIC ACTIVITIES
HOSPITAL WASTES
E-WASTES
THERMOMETERS, CATHETERS, ETC.
DISPOSED CELLS, TELEVISIONS, MOBILES, ETC
HIGH AMOUNT OF CADMIUM, ZINC, ETC.
RECALCITRANTS
CREATES SOIL AND WATER POLLUTION
ENTERS FOOD CHAIN AND THUS CREATES PROBLEMS TO LINING BEINGS
HIGHLY TOXIC AND GIVES RISE TO TOXIC SUBSTANCES
ACCIDENTAL SPILLS
OIL SPILLS FROM SHIPS
FOSSIL FUEL LEAKS WHILE TRANSPORTATION
HIGHLY STABLE THUS DO NO REACT
NOT RECOGNIZED BY SUBSTRATES OF EXIXTING DEGRADATIVE ENZYMES
LEADS TO BIOACCUMULATION
HEALTH HAZARDS TO HUMANS
PLANTS ARE AFFECTED
MARINE ECOSYSTEM IS AFFECTED
BIODEGRADATION
BIOREMEDIATION
BIOSTIMULATION
BIOAUGMENTATION
PHYTOREMEDIATION
BIOVENTING
BIOSPARGING
USE OF SPECIFIC PLANTS TO CLEANUP ENVIRONMENT
MYCOREMEDIATION
USE OF FUNGI TO CLEANUP ENVIRONMENT
INTRODUCTION OF MICROORGANISMS TO CLEANUP ENVIRONMENT
USE OF MICROORGANISMS TO CLEANUP ENVIRONMENT
BREAKDOWN OF CONTAMINATION BY MICROORGANISMS
INSECTICIDES (DDT)
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