Educational boards in India

EDUCATIONAL BOARDS IN INDIASSCCBSEICSEIGCSEIBSecondary School Certificate Central Board of Secondary EducationIndian Certificate for Secondary EducationInternational General Certificate of Secondary EducationInternational BaccalaureateCICSECouncil for Indian Certificate of Secondary EducationThe Board came into existence on 1 January 1966 to regulate certain matters pertaining to secondary education in the state of Maharashtra, as "Maharashtra State Secondary Education Boards".The first education board to be set up in India was the Uttar Pradesh Board of High School and Intermediate Education in 1921, which was under the jurisdiction of Rajputana, Central India and Gwalior. In 1929, the government of India set up a joint Board named Board of High School and Intermediate Education. This included Ajmer, Merwara, Central India, and Gwalior. Later it was confined to Ajmer, Bhopal and Vindhya Pradesh. In 1962, it became the Central Board of Secondary Education.The Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE) is an examination conducted by the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations, a private board designed to provide an examination in a course of general education, in accordance with the recommendations of the New Education Policy 1986 (India), through the medium of English.The examination allows secure suitable representations of responsible schools (which are affiliated to it) in their states or territories. Private candidates are not permitted to appear for this examination.The International General Certificate of Secondary Education (IGCSE) is an English language based examination similar to GCSE and is recognized in the United Kingdom as being equivalent to the GCSE for the purposes of recognizing prior attainment. It was developed by University of Cambridge International Examinations.The International Baccalaureate (IB), formerly known as the International Baccalaureate Organization (IBO), is a nonprofit foundation headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, and founded in 1968. It offers four educational programmes: the IB Diploma Programme and the IB Career-related Programme for students aged 15 to 19, the IB Middle Years Programme for students aged 11 to 16, and the IB Primary Years Programme for children aged 3 to 12. To teach these programmes, schools must be authorized by the International Baccalaureate.CURRICULUMPrepares courses curriculum at secondary level. A core subject comprises of three languages(Mother Tongue,National language and English)Floating Physical and Health Education ,Work experience are optional subjectsTopicRestructured syllabi contain 70% core supplied by NCERT and 30 % on the basis of regional requirement and situationEducational and general knowledge are studied and assessed internally by school.CURRICULUMThe CBSE curriculum is based on the National Curriculum Framework 2005 and provides opportunities for students to achieve excellence in learningThe curriculum refers to the chapters and academic content which is taught to students in the school. Basically, it is a planned set of education that includes course of study, subject wise content, pedagogical practices, and assessment guidelines. Also, it includes the marking scheme and syllabus for practical exams.CURRICULUM The curriculum is designed in such a way that it balances academics and extra-curricular activities that encourage students to pursue the skill of their choice apart from academics.English is considered as the recommended language of instruction with no exception. Literature is given equal importance with other subjects that encourage language development of the students. These days, literature is gaining back its popularity and being multilingual will certainly prove beneficial for the child in future.The board also includes art education as a part of its curriculum which improves visual-spatial skills in the kids.ICSE also implements theme-based learning, a technique that identifies the skills of the child and encourages him to her to learn through various projects and experiencesThe teaching process is quite interactive and constructive involving every child in the process by identifying the intellectual potential.The teacher-student is ratio is less compared to CBSE and state board which promotes individual attention to each student.CURRICULUMThe framework serves as the curriculum organizer and offers an in-depth guide to achieve authentic conceptual inquiry-based learning that is engaging, significant, challenging and relevant for PYP students.Through the programme of inquiry and by reflecting on their learning, PYP students develop knowledge, conceptual understandings, skills and the attributes of the IB Learner profile. Informed by constructivist and social-constructivist learning theories, the emphasis on collaborative inquiry and integrative learning honours the curiosity, voice, and contribution of the students,The learner: describes the outcomes for individual students and the outcomes they seek for themselves (what is learning?)Learning and teaching: articulates the distinctive features of learning and teaching (how best to support learners?)The learning community: emphasizes the importance of the social outcomes of learning and the role that IB communities play in achieving these outcomes (who facilitates learning and teaching?)CURRICULUMThe Cambridge IGCSE curriculum offers a variety of routes for learners with a wide range of abilities, including those whose first language is not English.Starting from a foundation of core subjects, it is easy to add breadth and cross-curricular perspectives. Encouraging learners to engage with a variety of subjects, and make connections between them, is fundamental to our approach.For schools, Cambridge IGCSE offers a flexible and stimulating curriculum, supported with excellent resources and training.For learners, Cambridge IGCSE helps improve performance by developing skills in creative thinking, enquiry and problem solving. It is the perfect springboard to advanced study.Characteristics Ensuring a uniform pattern of Secondary and Higher secondary Education.Maintenance of uniform standard of education in Secondary School and Junior Colleges.Co-ordination between National policies and State policies in secondary and Higher Secondary Education. Co-ordination between Secondary or Higher education,university education and primary educationTo lay down guiding principles for determining curricula and syllabiTo prepare the detail syllabi for all standards of secondary and higher secondary education.To prescribed standard requirement in respect of staff,building,furniture,equipment,stationary and other things required for Secondary Schools and Junior Colleges.CharacteristicsProvide ample scope for physical, intellectual and social development of students;enlist general and specific teaching and assessment objectives;Improve self-esteem, empathy towards others and different cultures etc.;Integrate innovations in pedagogy, knowledge and application, such as human sciences with technological innovations to keep pace with the global trends invarious disciplines;Promote inclusive education by providing equal opportunities to all students;integrate environmental education in various disciplines from classes I-XII;Equally emphasize Co-scholastic areas of Art Education and Health and PhysicalEducation.CharacteristicsThe ICSE board syllabus is all-inclusive that promotes holistic development of the students.Since the ICSE curriculum framework includes art education and focuses on literature as much as math and social sciences, it helps students with more inclination towards these subjects and with the intention of pursuing them further.The teaching-learning methodology used in the curriculum is more project-based and hands-on thus actually helping the child improve its problem-solving capability and learn the subject from the core.Also, ICSE students have an edge over other children in terms of their command over English and grammar.Moreover, schools affiliated to the ICSE board offer good facilities CharacteristicsIGCSE is one of the most recognized qualifications in the world and has worldwide status and credibility. An IGCSE school develops and encourages the educational skills, like oral skills, investigative skills, problem-solving, teamwork, recall of knowledge, and initiative and also equips the students with advanced English communication skills and enrich them with a sense of confidence.IGCSE offers a well-balanced curriculum with flexible courses. The students can choose from more than 70 subjects offered by IGCSE. Thus, the students have the freedom to select the subjects of their choice and secure good grades.In India, the course is delivered in so many schools and is recognized by the Association of Indian Universities at par with CBSE, ICSE, etc. The IGCSE school curriculum is balanced and supports an international perspective on studies.The board is known for its high-level academic standards and its practice of teaching the students through practical, real-world experiences and case studies. The assessment is done not only in written papers but also includes oral test and the test of listening skills.GCSE school students can take advantage of the Cambridge Checkpoint, a diagnostic service, that points out a student’s strengths and weaknesses in key areas.IGCSE schools prepare students for the examination and followed a prescriptive course, designed to serve students across the world. IGSCE exam, usually completed at age 16, prepared for over the preceding two years.In an IGCSE school, teachers spend less time on meetings, creating resources and writing curriculum. The IGCSE means teaching a pre-defined and country-specific exam with a definite content-based goal.CharacteristicsIB schools believe in the independence of education and encourage students to stay curious and inquisitive about things.Impart knowledge through ideas and concepts that come with both local and global significance.The IB curriculum aims to impart and creative and critical thinking by allowing students to question the norm and encourage to create their own creations.It make students understand diverse cultures and various histories to make the open-minded and more receptive to cultural diversity.
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