congress vs presidential reconstruction

Reconstruction
Presidential
Congress
Anyone who had "voluntarily borne arms against the United States" were barred from voting.
Majority of southerners had to take the oath to be reinstated
Lincoln
Johnson
10% of southerners had to take the oath to be reinstated
government must recognize former slaves' freedom
provide education for freed african americans
government had to be republican
felt reconstruction was an executive issue, not one for congress
"restoration" instead of reconstruction
southern states had to:
-withdraw succession
-swear allegiance to union
-> more than 10% (lincoln) but less than 50% (congress)
ratified the 13th amendment (which abolished slavery)
Civil Rights Act of 1866: declared that african americans have rights
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